In Vitro Inhibition of Human Carbonic Anhydrase I and II Isozymes with Natural Phenolic Compounds


Corresponding authors: İlhami Gülçin,; Claudiu T. Supuran,


Inhibition of two human cytosolic carbonic anhydrase (hCA, EC isozymes I and II with some natural phenolic derivatives was investigated using the esterase assay with 4-nitrophenyl acetate as substrate. Resveratrol, catechin, silymarin, dobutamin, and curcumin showed KI values in the range of 4.47–9.47 mm for hCA I and of 2.86–7.44 μm against hCA II, respectively. These natural product phenols were generally competitive inhibitors with 4-nitrophenylacetate as substrate. Some natural phenols investigated here showed effective hCA II inhibitory effects, in the same range as the clinically used sulfonamide acetazolamide, and might be used as leads for generating enzyme inhibitors possibly targeting other CA isoforms that have not been yet assayed for their interactions with such agents.