A New Generation of Potent Complement Inhibitors of the Compstatin Family

Authors


  • Present address: Jun Ling, Department of Basic Sciences, The Commonwealth Medical College, Scranton, PA 18510, USA.

Corresponding authors: Christodoulos A. Floudas, floudas@titan.princeton.edu Dimitrios Morikis, dmorikis@engr.ucr.edu

Abstract

Compstatin family peptides are potent inhibitors of the complement system and promising drug candidates against diseases involving under-regulated complement activation. Compstatin is a 13-residue cyclized peptide that inhibits cleavage of complement protein C3, preventing downstream complement activation. We present three new compstatin variants, characterized by tryptophan replacement at positions 1 and/or 13. Peptide design was based on physicochemical reasoning and was inspired by earlier work, which identified tryptophan substitutions at positions 1 and 13 in peptides with predicted C3c binding abilities [Bellows M.L., Fung H.K., Taylor M.S., Floudas C.A., López de Victoria A., Morikis D. (2010) Biophys J; 98: 2337–2346]. The new variants preserve distinct polar and nonpolar surfaces of compstatin, but have altered local interaction capabilities with C3. All three peptides exhibited potent C3 binding by surface plasmon resonance and potent complement inhibition by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. We also present enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay data and detailed surface plasmon resonance kinetic data of three peptides from previous computational design.

Ancillary