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Keywords:

  • 5-lipoxygenase;
  • anti-inflammation;
  • leukotriene B4;
  • neutrophil;
  • thiazole scaffold

Biological evaluation of N-aryl-4-aryl-1,3-thiazole-2-amine derivatives was examined for anti-inflammatory activity in in vitro and in vivo assays. The thiazole compounds showed direct inhibition of 5-lipoxygenase (LOX) that is a key enzyme of leukotrienes synthesis and involved in the inflammation-related diseases, including asthma and rheumatoid arthritis. To optimize biological activity, we synthesized 1,3-thiazole-2-amine derivatives and investigated for structure and activity relationship. Especially, N-(3,5-dimethylphenyl)-4-(4-chlorophenyl)-1,3-thiazole-2-amine was shown to have a potent anti-inflammatory activity as a 5-LOX inhibitor.