SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • Akiyama H, Tsuruta H 2003: Effect of organic matter application on N2O, NO, and NO2 fluxes from an Andisol field. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 17, 1100.
  • Akiyama H, McTaggart IP, Ball BC, Scott A 2004: N2O, NO, and NH3 emission from soil after the application of organic fertilizers. Water, Air, Soil Pollut., 156, 113129.
  • Akiyama H, Yan X, Yagi K 2006: Estimation of emission factors for fertilizer-induced direct N2O emission from agricultural soils in Japan: summary of available data. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 52, 774787.
  • Amaral JA, Ren T, Knowles R 1998: Atmospheric methane consumption by forest soils and extracted bacteria at different pH values. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 64, 23972402.
  • Baggs EM, Rees RM, Smith KA, Vinten AJA 2000: Nitrous oxide emission from soils after incorporating crop residues. Soil Use Manage., 16, 8287.
  • Bouwman AF 1996: Direct emission of nitrous oxide from agricultural soils. Nutr, Cycl. Agroecosyst., 46, 5370.
  • Castro MS, Steudler PA, Melillo JM, Aber JD, Bowden RD 1995: Factors controlling atmospheric methane consumption by temperate forest soils. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 9, 110.
  • Chadwick DR, Pain BF 1997: Methane fluxes following slurry application to grassland soils: laboratory experiments. Agric. Ecosystem Environ., 63, 5160.
  • Chadwick DR, Pain BF, Brookman SKE 2000: Nitrous oxide and methane emissions following application of animal manure to grassland. J. Environ. Qual., 29, 277287.
  • Christensen S 1983: Nitrous oxide emission from a soil under permanent grass: seasonal and diurnal fluctuations as influenced by manuring and fertilization. Soil Biol. Biochem., 15, 531536.
  • Cicerone RJ 1987: Change in stratospheric ozone. Science, 237, 3542.
  • Davidson EA 1991: Fluxes of nitrous oxide and nitric oxide from terrestrial ecosystems. In Microbial Production and Consumption of Greenhouse Gases: Methane, Nitrogen Oxides and Halomethanes. Eds JERogers and WBWhitman, pp. 219235, American Society for Microbiology, Washington.
  • Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs 2001: Making Better Use of Livestock Manures on Grassland, 2nd edn. pp. 1012. ADAS Gleadthorpe Research Center, Notts.
  • Dunfield P, Knowles R, Dumont R, Moore TR 1993: Methane production and consumption in temperate and subarctic peat soils: response to temperature and pH. Soil Biol. Biochem., 25, 321326.
  • Glatzel S, Stahr K 2001: Methane and nitrous oxide exchange in differently fertilised grassland in southern Germany. Plant Soil, 231, 2135.
  • Hatano R, Hasegawa S, Sakuma T 1995: Calibration for measurement of soil water content using time domain reflectrometry (TDR). Jpn. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 66, 678680 (in Japanese).
  • Hokkaido Prefectural Experiment Stations and Hokkaido Animal Research Center 2004: Handbook of Animal Waste Management and Utilization in Hokkaido 2004. Eds M Ohara, Y Takeda and K Omura, pp. 6467, Hokkaido Prefectural Experiment Stations and Hokkaido Animal Research Center, Sapporo (in Japanese).
  • Hu R, Hatano R, Kusa K, Sawamoto T 2002: Effect of nitrogen fertilizer on methane flux in a structured clay soil cultivated with onion in central Hokkaido, Japan. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 48, 797804.
  • Hu R, Kusa K, Hatano R 2001: Soil respiration and methane flux in adjacent forest, grassland, and cornfield soils in Hokkaido, Japan. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 47, 621627.
  • Hütsch BW, Webster CP, Powlson DS 1993: Long-term effects of nitrogen fertilization on methane oxidation in soil of the Broadbalk wheat experiment. Soil Biol. Biochem., 25, 13071315.
  • Jensen S, Olsen RA 1998: Atmospheric methane consumption in adjacent arable and forest soil systems. Soil Biol. Biochem., 30, 11871193.
  • Jones SK, Rees RM, Skiba UM, Ball BC 2005: Greenhouse gas emissions from a managed grassland. Global Planet. Change, 47, 201211.
  • Kammann C, Grünhage L, Jäger H-J, Wachinger G. 2001: Methane fluxes from differentially managed grassland study plots: the important role of CH4 oxidation in grassland with a high potential for CH4 production. Environ. Pollut., 115, 261273.
  • Kurashima K, Ota T, Kusaba T et al . 1993: Classification and characteristics of soils at the National Grassland Research Institute. Misc. Publ. Natl Grassl. Res. Inst., 3, 147 (in Japanese).
  • Maag M, Vinther FP 1996: Nitrous oxide emission by nitrification and denitrification in different soil types and at different soil moisture contents and temperatures. Appl. Soil Ecol., 4, 514.
  • Minami K, Kimura T 1993: The significance of grasslands in absorption of atmospheric methane and emission of nitrous oxide. J. Agr. Met., 48, 719722.
  • Mori A, Hojito M 2007: Grassland renovation increases N2O emission from a volcanic grassland soil in Nasu, Japan, Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 53, 812818.
  • Mori A, Hojito M, Kondo H, Matsunami H, Scholefield D 2005: Effects of plant species on CH4 and N2O fluxes from a volcanic grassland soil in Nasu, Japan. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 51, 1927.
  • Morishita T, Hatano R, Nagata O, Sakai K, Koide T, Nakahara O 2004: Effect of nitrogen deposition on CH4 uptake in forest soil in Hokkaido, Japan. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 50, 11871194.
  • Mosier A 1998: Soil processes and global change. Biol. Fertil. Soils, 27, 221229.
  • Mosier A, Schimel D, Valentine D, Bronson K, Parton W 1991: Methane and nitrous oxide fluxes in native, fertilized and cultivated grassland. Nature, 350, 330332.
  • National Grassland Research Institute 2001: Meteorological observation in National Grassland Research Institute. Misc. Publ. Natl Grassl. Res. Inst., 4, 35 (in Japanese).
  • Schnell S, King GM 1995: Stability of methane oxidation capacity to variations in methane and nutrient concentrations. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol., 17, 285294.
  • Shiga H, Ohyama N, Maeda K, Suzuki M 1985: An evaluation of different organic materials based on their decomposition pattern in paddy soils. Res. Bull. Natl Agric. Res. Cetr., 5, 119 (in Japanese with English summary).
  • Soil Survey Staff 1999: Key to Soil Taxonomy, 8th edn. Natural Resources Conservation Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Pocahontas Press, Blacksburg.
  • Toma Y, Hatano R 2007: Effect of crop residue C:N ratio on N2O emissions from grey lowland soil in Mikasa, Hokkaido, Japan. Soil Sci Plant Nutr., 53, 198205.
  • Watanabe T, Osada T, Yoh M, Tsuruta H 1997: N2O and NO emissions from grassland soils after the application of cattle and swine excreta. Nutr. Cycl. Agroecosyst., 49, 3539.
  • Whalen SC, Reeburgh WS 1996: Moisture and temperature sensitivity of CH4 oxidation in boreal forest and tundra soils. Biol. Fertil. Soils, 28, 12711281.
  • Yamulki S, Harrison RM, Goulding KWT, Webster CP 1997: N2O, NO and NO2 fluxes from a grassland: effect of soil pH. Soil Biol. Biochem., 29, 11991208.
  • Yamulki S, Jarvis SC, Owen P 1999: Methane emission and uptake from soils as influenced by excreta deposition from grazing animals. J. Environ. Qual., 28, 676682.