SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • Akiyama H, Yan X, Yagi K 2006: Estimations of emission factors for fertilizer-induced direct N2O emissions from agricultural soils in Japan: summary of available data. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 52, 774787.
  • Bouwman AF 1996: Direct emission of nitrous oxide from agricultural soils. Nutr. Cycl. Agroecosyst., 46, 5370.
  • Corre MD, Van Kessel C, Pennock DJ 1996: Landscape and seasonal patterns of nitrous oxide emissions in a semiarid region. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 60, 18061815.
  • Crutzen PJ 1970: The influence of nitrogen oxides on the atmospheric ozone content. Quart. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 96, 320325.
  • Dobbie KE, McTaggart IP, Smith KA 1999: Nitrous oxide emissions from intensive agricultural systems: variations between crops and seasons, key driving variables, and mean emission factors. J. Geophys. Res., 104, 2689126899.
  • Equine Research Institute 1998: Japanese Feeding Standard for Horses. Japan Racing Association, Utsunomiya (in Japanese).
  • Food and Agriculture Organization 1988: Revised Legend of the FAO-UNESCO Soil Map of the World. Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome.
  • Hata H 2000: Aspect of nutrition physiology in beef production by high-roughage feeding. Res. Bull. Livestock Farm, Fac. Agric., Hokkaido Univ., 17, 2938 (in Japanese).
  • Hatano R, Nagumo T, Hata H, Kuramochi K 2005: Impact of nitrogen cycling on stream water quality in a basin associated with forest, grassland, and animal husbandry, Hokkaido, Japan. Ecol. Eng., 24, 509515.
  • Hayakawa A, Hatano R, Hata H 2004: Nitrogen budget approach for environmental evaluation of nitrogen management in a beef cattle livestock farming system, southern Hokkaido, Japan. In Proceedings of the Third International Nitrogen Conference. Eds ZZhu, KMinami and GXing, pp. 6570. Science Press USA, Monmouth Junction.
  • Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 1997: Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories. IPCC Task Force on National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, TSU, Institute for Global Environmental Strategies, IGES, Kamiyamaguchi.
  • Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 2001: IPCC Third Assessment Report: Climate Change 2001, the Scientific Basis. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Kaiser E-A, Ruser R 2000: Nitrous oxide emissions from arable soils in Germany: an evaluation of six long-term field experiments. J. Plant Nutr. Soil Sci., 163, 249260.
  • Katayanagi N, Hatano R 2005: Spatial variability of greenhouse gas fluxes from soils of various land uses on a livestock farm in southern Hokkaido, Japan. Phyton Special Issue: APGC 2004, 45, 309318.
  • Koga N, Tsuruta H, Sawamoto T, Nishimura S, Yagi K 2004: N2O emission and CH4 uptake in arable fields managed under conventional and reduced tillage cropping systems in northern Japan. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 18, GB4025.
  • Kusa K, Hu RG, Sawamoto T, Hatano R 2006: Three years of nitrous oxide and nitric oxide emissions from silandic andosols cultivated with maize in Hokkaido, Japan. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 52, 103113.
  • Kusa K, Sawamoto T, Hatano R 2002: Nitrous oxide emissions for 6 years from a gray lowland soil cultivated with onions in Hokkaido, Japan. Nutr. Cycl. Agroecosyst., 63, 239247.
  • Linn DM, Doran JW 1984: Effect of water-filled pore space on carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide production in tilled and nontilled soils. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 48, 12671272.
  • Lipschultz F, Zafirou OC, Wofsy SC, McElroy MB, Valois FW, Watson SW 1981: Production of NO and N2O by soil nitrifying bacteria. Nature, 294, 641643.
  • Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Research Council Secretariat 1995: Japanese Feeding Standard for Beef Cattle. Central Association of Livestock Industry, Tokyo (in Japanese).
  • Matsumoto T, Tamura T, Nakatsuji T, Kiso S, Miki N, Hojito M 2002: Simple estimation method for nutrients content in dairy cattle manure. Jpn. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 73, 169173 (in Japanese).
  • Mori A, Hojito M, Kondo H, Matsunami H, Scholefield D 2005: Effects of plant species on CH4 and N2O fluxes from a volcanic grassland soil in Nasu, Japan. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 51, 1927.
  • Mosier AR 1998: Soil processes and global change. Biol. Fertil. Soils, 27, 221229.
  • Nishimura S, Sawamoto T, Akiyama H, Sudo S, Cheng WG, Yagi K 2005: Continuous, automated nitrous oxide measurements from paddy soils converted to upland crops. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 69, 19771986.
  • Oura N, Shindo J, Fumoto T, Toda H, Kawashima H 2001: Effects of nitrogen deposition on nitrous oxide emissions from the forest floor. Water Air Soil Pollut., 130, 673678.
  • Oura N, Shindo J, Fumoto T, Toda H, Kawashima H 2004: Comparison of nitrogen cycling and deposition in forested areas in central Japan. In Proceedings of the Third International Nitrogen Conference, Eds ZZhu, KMinami and GXing, pp. 620625. Science Press USA, Monmouth Junction.
  • Parkin TB 1993: Spatial variability of microbial processes in soil: a review. J. Environ. Qual., 22, 409417.
  • Rolston DE 1986: Gas flux. In Methods of Soil Analysis Part 1: Physical and Mineralogical Methods, 2nd edn. Ed. A Klute, pp. 11031119. American Society of Agronomy, Madison.
  • Sahrawat KL, Keeney DR 1986: Nitrous oxide emission from soils. Adv. Soil Sci., 4, 103148.
  • Schmidt U, Thöni H, Kaupenjohann M 2000: Using a boundary line approach to analyze N2O flux data from agricultural soils. Nutr. Cycl. Agroecosyst., 57, 119129.
  • Sozanska M, Skiba U, Metcalfe S 2002: Developing an inventory of N2O emissions from British soils. Atmospher. Environ., 36, 987998.
  • Toma Y, Hatano R 2007: Effect of crop residue C : N ratio on N2O emissions from Gray Lowland soil in Mikasa, Hokkaido, Japan. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 53, 198205.
  • Toma Y, Kimura SD, Hirose Y, Kusa K, Hatano R 2007: Variation in the emission factor of N2O derived from chemical nitrogen fertilizer and organic matter: a case study of onion fields in Mikasa, Hokkaido, Japan. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 53, 692703.
  • Webb RA 1972: Use of the boundary line in the analysis of biological data. J. Hort Sci., 47, 309319.
  • Wrage N, Velthof GL, Van Beusichem ML, Oenema O 2001: Role of nitrifier denitrification in the production of nitrous oxide. Soil Biol. Biochem., 33, 17231732.