SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Aitkenhead JA, McDowell WH 2000: Soil C:N ratio as a predictor of annual riverine DOC flux at local and global scales. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 14, 127138.
  • APHA 1998: Cadmium reduction method. In Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, Ed. MAH Franson., pp. 44118, APHA, Washington, DC.
  • Binkley D, Hart SC 1989: The components of nitrogen availability assessments in forest soils. Adv. Soil. Sci., 10, 57112.
  • Boone RD 1992: Influence of sampling date and substrate on nitrogen mineralization; comparison of laboratory-incubation and buried-bag methods for two Massachusetts forest soils. Can. J. For. Res., 22, 18951900.
  • Chen XY, Mulder J 2007: Indicators for nitrogen status and leaching in subtropical forest ecosystems, South China. Biogeochemistry, 82, 165180.
  • Cheng JD, Lin LL, Lu HS 2002: Influences of forests on water flows from headwater watersheds in Taiwan. For. Ecol. Manage., 165, 1128.
  • Dise NB, Matzner E, Forius M 1998: Evaluation of organic horizon C:N ratio as an indicator of nitrate leaching in conifer forests across Europe. Environ. Pollut., 102 (Suppl 1), 453456.
  • Dorich RA, Nelson DW 1983: Direct colorimetric measurement of ammonium in potassium chloride extracts of soils. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 47, 833836.
  • Garten CT Jr 1993: Variation in foliar 15N abundance and the availability of soil nitrogen on Walker Branch Watershed. Ecology, 74, 20982113.
  • Gee GW, Bauder JW 1986: Particle-size analysis. In Method of Soil Analysis 2nd edition Part 1. Physical and Mineralogical Methods, Ed. KA Klute et al. , pp. 377411, Soil Science Society of America, Madison, WI.
  • Gilliam FS, Lyttle NL, Thomas A, Adams MB 2005: Soil variability along a nitrogen mineralization and nitrification gradient in a nitrogen-saturated hardwood forest. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. J., 69, 247256.
  • Hill AR, Shackleton M 1989: Soil N mineralization and nitrification in relation to nitrogen solution chemistry in a small forested watershed. Biogeochemistry, 8, 167184.
  • Hirobe M, Tokuchi N, Iwatsubo G 1998: Spatial variability of soil nitrogen transformations patterns along a forest slope in a Cryptomeria japonica D. Don plantation. Eur. J. Soil Biol., 34, 123131.
  • Hobbie SE 1992: Effects of plant species on nutrient cycling. Trends Ecol. Evol., 7, 336339.
  • Horng FW, Chang WE 1996: Soil nutrient pool and available nutrient dynamics in the Fushan mixed hardwood forest ecosystem. Taiwan J. For. Sci., 11, 465473 (in Chinese, with English abstract).
  • Hsia YJ, Hwong JL 1999: Hydrological characteristics of Fushan Experimental Forest. Quart. J. Chin. For., 32, 3951 (in Chinese, with English abstract).
  • Inagaki Y, Miura S, Kohzu A 2004: Effects of forest type and stand age on litterfall quality and soil N dynamics in Shikoku district, southern Japan. For. Ecol. Manag., 202, 107117.
  • Ito E, Ono K, Ito YM, Araki M 2008: A neural network approach to simple prediction of soil nitrification potential: a case study in Japanese temperate forests. Ecol. Modell., 219, 200211.
  • Kao SJ, Shiah FK, Owen JS 2003: Nitrogen budget and N retention in a partially cultivated subtropical watershed in Taiwan. Water Air Soil Pollut., 156, 211228.
  • Lin TC, Hamburg SP, Hsia YJ, King HB, Wang LJ, Lin KC 2001: Base cation leaching from the canopy of a subtropical rainforest in northeastern Taiwan. Can. J. For. Res., 31, 11561163.
  • Lin TC, Hamburg SP, King HB, Hsia YJ 1997: Spatial variability of throughfall in a subtropical rainforest in Taiwan. J. Environ. Qual., 26, 172180.
  • Lin TC, Hamburg SP, King HB, Hsia YJ 2000: Throughfall patterns in a subtropical rain forest of northeastern Taiwan. J. Environ. Qual., 29, 11861193.
  • Lin KC, Horng FW, Cheng WE, Chiang HC, Chang UC 1996a: Soil survey and classification of the Fushan Experimental Forest. Taiwan J. For. Sci., 11, 159174.
  • Lin KC, Horng FW, Yu HM, Ma FC 1996b: Estimates of aboveground nutrient accumulation in broadleaf forests of the Fu-shan forest. Taiwan J. For. Sci., 11, 2942.
  • Lin TC, Lin TT, Chiang ZM, Hsia YJ, King HB 1999: A study on typhoon disturbance to the canopy of natural hardwood forest in northeastern Taiwan. Quart. J. Chin. For., 32, 6778.
  • Lu SY, Cheng JD, Brooks KN 2001: Managing forests for watershed protection in Taiwan. For. Ecol. Manag., 143, 7785.
  • Mabry CM, Hamburg SP, Lin TC, Horng FW, King HB, Hsia YJ 1998: Typhoon disturbance and stand-level damage patterns at a subtropical forest in Taiwan. Biotropica, 30, 238250.
  • Marrs RH, Proctor J, Heaney A, Mountford MD 1988: Changes in soil nitrogen-mineralization and nitrification along an altitudinal transect in tropical rain forest in Costa Rica. J. Ecol., 776, 466482.
  • Martinelli LA, Piccolo MC, Townsend AR et al. 1999: Nitrogen stable isotopic composition of leaves and soil: tropical versus temperate forests. Biogeochemistry, 46, 4565.
  • Matson PA, McDowell WH, Townsend AR, Vitousek PM 1999: The globalization of N deposition: ecosystem consequence in tropical environments. Biogeochemistry, 46, 6783.
  • McDowell WH, Currie WS, Aber JD, Yano Y 1998: Effects of chronic nitrogen amendment on production of dissolved organic carbon and nitrogen in forest soils. Water Air Soil Pollut., 105, 175182.
  • Melillo JM, Aber JD, Muratore JF 1982: Nitrogen and lignin control of hardwood leaf litter decomposition dynamics. Ecology, 63, 621626.
  • Meybeck M, Green P, Vorosmarty C 2001: A new typology for mountains and other relief classes. Mt. Res. Dev., 21, 3445.
  • Nadelhoffer KJ, Aber JD, Melillo JM 1984: Seasonal patterns of ammonium and nitrate uptake in nine temperate forest ecosystems. Plant Soil, 80, 321335.
  • Nadelhoffer KJ, Emmett BA, Gundersen P et al. 1999: Nitrogen deposition makes a minor contribution to carbon sequestration in temperate forests. Nature, 398, 145148.
  • Owen JS, Wang MK, Wang CH, King HB, Sun HL 2003: Net N mineralization and nitrification rates in a forested ecosystem in northeastern Taiwan. For. Ecol. Manag., 176, 519530.
  • Piatek KB, Mitchell MJ, Silva SR, Kendall C 2005: Sources of nitrate in snowmelt discharge: evidence from water chemistry and stable isotopes of nitrate. Water Air Soil Pollut., 165, 1335.
  • Robertson GP 1982: Nitrification in forested ecosystems. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. London, 296, 445457.
  • SAS 2002: Statistical Analysis System for Windows. SAS Institute, Inc., Cary, NC.
  • Shepard JP, Mitchell MJ, Scott TJ, Driscoll CT 1990: Soil solution chemistry of an Adirondack Spodosol: lysimetry and N dynamics. Can. J. For. Res., 20, 818824.
  • Tokuchi N, Takeda H, Yoshida K, Iwatsubo G 1999: Topographical variations in a plant-soil system along a slope on Mt Ryuoh, Japan. Ecol. Res., 14, 361369.
  • Wu CC, Kuo YH 1999: Typhoons affecting Taiwan: current understanding and future challenges. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 80, 6780.