Denitrification characteristics of pond sediments in a Chinese agricultural watershed

Authors

  • Feiyue LI,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008
    2. College of Urban Construction and Environment Science, Anhui Science and Technology University, Fengyang 233100, China
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  • Rong YANG,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008
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  • Chaopu TI,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008
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  • Man LANG,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008
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  • Sonoko D. KIMURA,

    1. Department of International Environmental and Agricultural Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Fuchu 183-8509, Japan
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  • Xiaoyuan YAN

    1. State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008
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X. YAN, State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 71 Beijing East Rd, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210008, China. Email: yanxy@issas.ac.cn

Abstract

Ponds are widely distributed in rice-based agricultural watersheds, particularly in southern China, and may play an important role in nitrate (inline image) removal. However, the denitrification rate of pond sediment, measured using the acetylene (C2H2) inhibition technique, indicated that the amount of nitrogen removed by denitrification accounted for <1% of the total nitrogen applied. The present study was undertaken to determine the effects of sediment depth and temperature on denitrification of pond sediment using the C2H2 inhibition technique. The highest denitrification potential was found in the upper 5 cm of sediment, but this only accounted for approximately 34% of the total denitrification of the upper 0–30 cm of sediment, suggesting that sediment denitrification potential would be underestimated if only the upper 5 cm of sediment was measured. The denitrification potential was low and showed a weak response over a temperature range of 6–18°C, whereas denitrification increased significantly from 18 to 30°C, indicating that denitrification may play an important role in the removal of inline image in warm seasons. A comparison of the inline image disappearance and C2H2 inhibition methods showed that they were significantly (P < 0.01) and positively correlated. However, the C2H2 inhibition method gave only approximately 25% of the values determined by the inline image disappearance method.

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