Abstracts of Nippon Dojo-Hiryogaku Zasshi
(Japanese Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition)
Vol. 80 (2009)
No. 5 (pp. 443–560)
Identification and functional characterization of plant transporters for essential minor mineral nutrients
The University of Tokyo Biotechnology Research Center
(Jpn. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 80, 443–445, 2009)
Studies on greenhouse gas emissions from agricultural soils
Carbon Nitrogen Cycling Div., National Institute for Agro-Environmental Science
(Jpn. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 80, 446–449, 2009)
Studies on the significance of plasma membrane lipid layers within root-tip portion in aluminum tolerance of plants
Yamagata University Faculty of Agriculture Department of Bioresource Engineering
(Jpn. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 80, 450–453, 2009)
JSSPN Technological Advancement Awards
Development of practical valuation method of properties on animal waste composts and its application
Niigata Agricultural Research Institute Livestock Research Center
(Jpn. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 80, 454–457, 2009)
JSSSPN Progress Awards
Iron and zinc transporters in rice
Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo
(Jpn. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 80, 458–459, 2009)
Creation of Eco-Balance model to evaluate and optimize nitrogen cycle in regional scales
Sonoko Dorothea KIMURA
Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology Graduate School of Agriculture
(Jpn. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 80, 460–461, 2009)
Life cycle inventory-based analysis of greenhouse gas emissions from crop production systems
National Agricultural Research Center for Hokkaido Region
(Jpn. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 80, 462–463, 2009)
Monitoring and modeling of direct and indirect greenhouse gas emission from soil ecosystems
Rakuno Gakuen University
(Jpn. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 80, 464–465, 2009)
Soil fertilizer research on preventive technologies for clubroot disease caused by Plasmodiophora Brassicae
Mie Prefecture Agricultural Research Institute
(Jpn. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 80, 466–468, 2009)
Effects of herbicides, glyphosate, on density and casting activity of earthworm, Pheretima (Amynthas) carnosus
Satoshi KANEDA*1,2, Seigo OKANO*1, Yasuhumi URASHIMA*1, Toshihumi MURAKAMI*1 and Miyuki NAKAJIMA*1
*1Tohoku Agic. Res. Cent., *2present address: Natl. Inst. Agro-Environ. Sci.
(Jpn. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 80, 469–476, 2009)
Effects of an herbicide, commercial formulation of glyphosate (Roundup), on earthworm cast production on the surface in no-tillage field were investigated by using field and pot experiments. Direct impacts of the herbicide on earthworm mortality, growth and behavior were examined in pot experiment. In field experiments, effects of the herbicide on earthworm density, earthworm casting activity and soil moisture, and effects of litter removing after an application of herbicide on earthworm casting activities. Three treatments, glyphosate application on fall, application on spring, and no application, were set up in no-till field for the experiment, herbicide impacts on earthworm activity and behavior. Separately three treatments, litter removal treatment after herbicide application, just herbicide application and control, were set up for the experiment, litter removal impact on casting activity. No herbicide impacts on earthworm density were observed, and only one species, Pheretima (Amynthas) carnosus was dominated (95%) in the experiment field. There was no effect of applying herbicide on growth, mortality and behavior of the dominated earthworm in the pot experiment. Herbicide application induced not only increasing earthworm casting activity in spring (P < 0.05) and also decreasing the activity in summer (P < 0.05). Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that the soil temperature and the soil moisture were important factors for the earthworm cast production rate (P < 0.01). Importance of surface litter for the casting activity was observed (P < 0.05). This earthworm species produced around 3 kg m−2 per year in no-till system. From these results, the herbicide did not have direct harmful impacts on the earthworm, but would effect on earthworm casting activity through variation of environmental factors, such as litter amount, soil temperature, and soil moisture.
Key words: cast production, herbicide, no-tillage, Pheretima (Amynthas) carnosus, soil temperature and moisture.
Effects of drip fertigation on yield and quality of leaf vegetables, and on efficiency of nitrogen fertilization in outdoor plant culture
Toshihiro UETA*1, Tomoko IKEBA*1, Dong-Hyuk AHN*1, Kazuhisa KATO*1,2, Takashi KAWANO*1,3 and Eiichi MATSUMOTO*1
*1Ibaraki Pref. Agric. Inst. Hort. Cent., present addresses: *2Grad. Sch. Life Environ. Sci. Univ. Tsukuba., *3Ibaraki Pref. Agric. Mt. Agric. Res. Stn.
(Jpn. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 80, 477–486, 2009)
The effects of drip fertigation were examined by analyzing the yield and quality of leaf vegetables, and assessing the efficiency of nitrogen (N) fertilization in outdoor plant culture in experimental and farmer fields using water from the Kasumigaura irrigation system.
(1) Compared with the results from conventional cultivation, yield of spring Chinese cabbage increased with drip fertigation, even when the N application rate was reduced by 25% from that used in conventional culture. The plant N recovery rate increased by 30% and the rate of N leaching into subsoil was reduced in comparison with the levels in conventional cultivation. In addition, yield and quality of autumn lettuce were maintained, even when the N application rate was reduced by 47% from that used in conventional cultivation. The daily supply of a fixed amount of nutrient solution via the fertigation system, maintained soil moisture at levels greater than those in conventional cultivation; however, small variations were observed.
(2) By stopping drip fertigation 7 days before harvest, nitrate ion concentrations in spring Chinese cabbage were reduced, while vitamin C and sugar concentrations were increased, suggesting improvements in the quality of the plants’ edible parts.
The effects of drip fertigation on yield and quality of lettuce were verified by using a fertigation system in a farmer's field. The rate of N utilization by the farmed plants under drip fertigation was twice that under conventional cultivation.
Key words: drip fertigation, efficiency of fertilizer application, Kasumigaura irrigation system, outdoor cultured vegetables, nitrate ion.
Comparison of low P tolerant leguminous plants using akadama soil, and effect of root development on low P tolerance of Sesbania cannabina
Makoto KITOU*1,2, Hiroyuki MATUOKA*1, Yoko KONNDO*1 and Naotsugu UCHIDA*1
*1Fac. Agric., Kobe Univ., *2Fac. Agric., Ryukyu Univ.
(Jpn. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 80, 487–493, 2009)
Crop production in widely distributed acid soil in tropical and subtropical region is challenged due to less availability of some essential plant nutrients. Soil phosphorus (P) deficiency is a major limiting factor to increase crop production in acid soils where most of the P is bound into forms unavailable to plants. Therefore, selection and utilization of low phosphorus tolerant plants is worthwhile investment. Consequently, an investigation was undertaken to assess the low P tolerance potential of leguminous plants using akadama soil where P is bound with Aluminum.
Four phosphate absorption coefficient (PAC) levels (0%, 1%, 5% and 10%) were maintained using phosphate fertilizer in akadama soil to study the plant growth parameters of four leguminous plants (Cajanus cajan, Glycine max, Cassia tora and Sesbania cannabina). Relative growth parameters of C. cajan and S. cannabina showed high P tolerance in comparison with G. max and C. tora. In addition, the amount of plant growth response to low P tolerance cultivated under 0% PAC in akadama soil was not be able to evaluate due to the initial P content in the seed when planting, which was responsible for the growth showed under cultivated in absence of phosphate fertilizer.
The root length of S. cannabina under low P condition (1% PAC) was two times longer than that of the G. max. It can be suggested that the root system development in S. cannabina and its related P absorption ability may be closely associated with low P tolerance. Further detailed investigations should be carried out to understand the low P tolerance of S. cannabina, and its utilization as a green manure legume to improve acid soil properties.
Key words: akadama soil, low P tolerance, P nutrition, root length, Sesbania.
The fate of nitrogen derived from 15N-labeled cattle manure compost and ammonium fertilizer in sandy soil monolith lysimeters for 2.5 years
Hirotaka IHARA*1, Morihiro MAEDA*1,2, Shigeru TAKAHASHI*1, Michio KOMADA*1 and Takeshi OTA*1
*1Natl. Agric. Res. Cent., *2present Address: Okayama Univ.
(Jpn. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 80, 494–501, 2009)
Nitrogen leaching, uptake, and accumulation in the soil were examined by using 15N tracer techniques in sandy soil monolith lysimeters (1 m in depth) receiving ammonium sulfate fertilizer (AF) or cattle manure compost (CM) for 2.5 years. The combinational application treatments of AF and CM were also included to examine the mutual effect of the materials on the fate of nitrogen. For the first crop, Komatsuna (Brassica rapa var. peruviridis), the AF labeled with 15N (F), 15N-labeled AF and unlabeled CM (Fc), 15N-labeled CM (C), or 15N-labeled CM and unlabeled AF (Cf) were applied on each monolith lysimeter at a rate of 15 g m−2 for each material. Unlabeled materials were used for all treatments in the later four crops, corn (Zea mays), and spinach (Spinacia oleracea) for 2 years. The following results were obtained:
(1) Leaching, uptake, and accumulation of the nitrogen derived from labeled materials were, 6.5, 5.5, 1.6 g m−2 in F, 6.0, 4.4, 2.5 g m−2 in Fc, 2.1, 0.6, 10.2 g m−2 in C, 2.2, 1.0, 10.0 g m−2 in Cf treatments.
(2) The cumulative amount of leaching plus uptake of the nitrogen derived from labeled materials was lower in the Fc treatment than in the F treatment in the 1st year, whereas it was higher in the Fc treatment than in the F treatment in the later years. These results suggest that, co-application of the AF and CM increased immobilization of nitrogen derived from AF in the 1st year and that it also increased re-mineralization in the later period.
(3) The cumulative amount of leaching plus uptake of the nitrogen derived from labeled materials was higher in the Cf treatment than in the C treatment in the 1st year. On the other hand, it was lower in the Cf treatment than in the C treatment in the later. These results suggest that co-application of AF and CM accelerated the decomposition of labeled CM in the 1st year, but caused the decrease of labeled CM decomposition in the later period.
Key words: cattle manure compost, leaching, monolith lysimeter, 15N, vegetable field soil.
Digital soil map of Japanese croplands in 1992
Yusuke TAKATA, Makoto NAKAI and Hiroshi OBARA
National Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences
(Jpn. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 80, 502–505, 2009)
Application effects of cattle feces/marine waste mixture composts and sludge composts on cadmium contents of timothy (Phleum pratense L.) in Northern Hokkaido, Japan
Akihiro FURUDATE*1 and Yuuichi OTOBE*1,2
*1Hokkaido Prefectural Tenpoku Agricultural Experiment Station, *2present address: Hokkaido Prefectural Dohnan Agricultural Experiment Station
(Jpn. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 80, 506–510, 2009)
Accumulation of soil organic carbon and changes in soil properties with no-tillage practice
Kazuki TOGAMI*1,2, Makoto NAKAI*1 and Seiichiro YONEMURA*1*1National Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences, *2present address: National Agriculture and Food Research Organization, National Agricultural Research Center for Tohoku Region
(Jpn. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 80, 511–515, 2009)
The influence of soil available phosphorus level on nutrient uptake of tomatoes in isolated bed culture
Teppei KOMIYAMA*1, Eiji FUJISAWA*1, Seiichi NIIZUMA*1, Masahiko KATO*1 and Hiromasa MORIKUNI*1
*1JA ZEN-NOH R&D Cent.
(Jpn. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 80, 516–521, 2009)
Micromorphological observation of pelletized cattle compost using thin sections
Hideo KUBOTERA, Tsuyoshi YAMANE, Yasuyuki WAKIYAMA and Yusuke ARAKAWA
National Agricultural Research Center for Kyushu Okinawa Region
(Jpn. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 80, 522–525, 2009)
Estimation of nitrogen fertilizer requirement of leaf vegetables based on soil nitrate content after reductive soil disinfection
Masahiro OKAMOTO*1,2, Hidetoshi UEKUSA*2 and Kisei ITO*3
*1Kanagawa Prefect. Agric. Res. Inst., *2Kanagawa Agric. Tech. Cent., *3Comprehensive Policy Division of Kanagawa Prefect.
(Jpn. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 80, 526–529, 2009)
Application standard of lime-treated sewage sludge compost for paddy rice in Hokkaido
Yoichi SUGIKAWA*1,2, Eiji GOTO*1 and Daiji ASAKA*1
*1Hokkaido Central Agricultural Experiment Station, Iwamizawa Branch, *2present address: Hokkaido Central Agricultural Experiment Station
(Jpn. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 80, 530–533, 2009)
Nutritional management and diagnostic technique of nitrogen for culturing summer-autumn harvest strawberry on the bench system
Yuji HIKASA*1,2, Tomo OOMIYA*1,3, Eiji FUKUKAWA*1,3 and Haruhiko NAKAZUMI*1,2
*1Hokkaido Prefectural Dohnan Agricultural Experiment Station, *2present address: Hokkaido Central Agricultural Experiment Station, *3present address: Hokkaido Ornamental Plants and Vegetables Research Center
(Jpn. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 80, 534–537, 2009)
Recent progresses in the analytical methods of humic substances. 2. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Miyagi Prefectural Furukawa Agricultural Experiment Station
(Jpn. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 80, 538–544, 2009)
Maintenance method for restoring paddy fields damaged by the Noto hanto earthquake
Ishikawa Agriculture Research Center
(Jpn. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 80, 545–548, 2009)
7th International Symposium on Plant-Soil Interactions at Low pH (PSILPH), Guangzhou, China, May, 2009
Mitsuru ABO*,1 and Kazuyuki INUBUSHI*,2
*1Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo *2Graduate school of Horticulture, Chiba Univ.
(Jpn. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 80, 549–550, 2009)
Abstracts of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Vol. 55, No. 4 (2009)
(Jpn. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 80, 551–555, 2009)
(Jpn. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 80, 556–558, 2009)
(Jpn. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 80, 559–560, 2009)