Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composite materials are very attractive for use in strengthening of civil engineering structures because of their high strength to weight and stiffness to weight ratios, being corrosion free, light weight, and potentially high durability. The requirement for any embedded sensor for monitoring strain in FRP-strengthened concrete structures is that the sensor should not be detrimental to the operational requirement of the strengthened structure. Owing to the compatibility with FRP materials, fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensor is a good choice for embedding at the interface of the FRP-strengthened concrete structures. As the FBG sensors are more flexible and small size (diameter = 250 µm), it may be easily instrumented at the FRP–concrete interface with sufficient surface preparation and suitable adhesive. This article deals with the issues/methods in application of FBG sensors for interfacial strain measurement of reinforced concrete beams strengthened with carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP). It also describes the experimental studies which were carried out to identify the initiation and propagation of debonding of CFRP from concrete surface using FBG array sensors.