SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Bernardo L.F.A., and Lopes S.M.R., “Behaviour of Concrete Beams under Torsion–NSC Plain and Hollow Beams,” Materials and Structures, RILEM 41(6): 11431167 (2008).
  • 2
    Lopes S.M.R., and Bernardo L.F.A., “Twist Behavior of High-Strength Concrete Hollow Beams—Formation of Plastic Hinges Along the Length,” Engineering Structures 31(1): 138149 (2009).
  • 3
    Bernardo L.F.A., and Lopes S.M.R., “Torsion in HSC Hollow Beams: Strength and Ductility Analysis,” ACI Structural Journal 106(1): 3948 (2009).
  • 4
    Bernardo L.F.A,; and Lopes S.M.R., “High-Strength Concrete Hollow Beams Strengthened with External Transversal Steel Reinforcement Under Torsion,” Journal of Civil Engineering and Management, Taylor and Francis 17(3): 330339 (2011).
  • 5
    Bernardo L.F.A., and Lopes S.M.R., “Theoretical Behavior of HSC Beams under Torsion,” Engineering Structures 33(12): 37023714 (2011).
  • 6
    ASCE-ACI Committee 445 on Shear and Torsion, Recent Approaches to Shear Design of Structural Concrete. Journal of Structural Engineering 124(12): 13751417 (1998).
  • 7
    Vecchio F.J., and Collins M.P., Stress–Strain Characteristic of Reinforced Concrete in Pure Shear. IABSE Colloquium, Advanced Mechanics of Reinforced Concrete, Delft, Final Report, International Association of Bridge and Structural Engineering, Zurich, Switzerland, pp. 211225 (1981).
  • 8
    Kotsovos G.M., Cotsovos D.M., Kotsovos M.D., and Kounadis A.N., “Seismic Behaviour of RC Walls: An Attempt to Reduce Reinforcement Congestion,” Magazine of Concrete Research, 63 (4): 235246 (2011).
  • 9
    Pimanmas A., “Web Crushing Strength of Reinforced Concrete Beams with Pre-existing Cracks,” Magazine of Concrete Research 62( 9): 665678 (2010).
  • 10
    Sahoo D.K., Singh B., and Bhargava P., “Effect of Inclination on the Strength of Struts,” Magazine of Concrete Research 63(2): 111117 (2010).
  • 11
    Lopes S.M.R., Bernardo L.F.A., and Costa R.J.T., “Reinforced Concrete Membranes Under Shear. Ultimate Behaviour and Influence of Thickness,” Experimental Techniques (2012).
  • 12
    Bhalla S., Tuli S., and Arora R., “Defect Detection in Concrete Structures Using Thermal Imaging Techniques,” Experimental Techniques 35: 3943 (2011).
  • 13
    Godinho L., Tadeu A., and Branco F.G., “Dynamic Analysis of Submerged Fluid-Filled Pipelines Subjected to a Point Pressure Load,” Journal of Sound and Vibration 271(1–2): 257277 (2004).
  • 14
    Malcolm K.L., and Honggang C., Combining multiple NDT methods to improve testing effectiveness, Construction and Building Materials, ISSN 0950-0618,10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2011. 01.011 [accessed 8 July 2011].
  • 15
    Parivallal S., Ravisankar K., Nagamani K., and Kesavan K., “Core-Drilling Technique for In-Situ Stress Evaluation in Concrete Structures,” Experimental Techniques 35: 2934 (2011).
  • 16
    Hognestad E., What Do We Know About Diagonal Tension and Web Reinforcement in Concrete? Circular Series, 64, University of Illinois, Engineering Exp. Station, I, 1952.
  • 17
    Collins M.P., and Mitchell D., “Shear and Torsion Design of Prestressed and Non-Prestressed Concrete Beams,” Journal of Prestressed Concrete Institute 25(5): 32100 (1980).
  • 18
    Vecchio F.J., and Collins M.P., The Response of Reinforced Concrete to In-Plane Shear and Normal Stresses, Publication N. ° 82-03 (ISBN 0-7727-7029-8), Department of Civil Engineering, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada (1982).
  • 19
    Vecchio F.J., and Collins, M.P., “The Modified Compression-Field Theory for Reinforced Concrete Elements Subjected to Shear,” Journal of ACI 83(2): 219231 (1986).
  • 20
    Vecchio F.J., and Collins M.P., “Compression Response of Cracked Reinforced Concrete,” Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE 119(12): 35903610 (1993).
  • 21
    Thorenfeldt E., Tomasziewicz A., and Jensen J.J., Mechanical Properties of HSC and Application in Design, Proceedings, Symposium on Utilization of High-Strength Concrete, Stavanger, Norway, pp. 149159 (1987).
  • 22
    Collins M.P., and Poraz A., Shear Design for High Strength Concrete. Bulletin d'Information N.° 193–Design Aspects of High Strength Concrete, CEB: 75-83, 1989.
  • 23
    Vecchio F.J., Collins M.P., and Aspiotis J., “High-Strength Concrete Elements Subjected to Shear,” Structural Journal of American Concrete Institute 91(4): 423433 (1994).
  • 24
    Vecchio F.J., “Disturbed Stress Field Model for Reinforced Concrete: Formulation,” Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE, 126(9): 10701077 (2000).
  • 25
    Belarbi A., and Hsu T.C., Constitutive Laws of Softened Concrete in Biaxial Tension-Compression. Research Report UHCEE 91-2, University of Houston, Texas (1991).
  • 26
    Belarbi A., and Hsu T.C., “Constitutive Laws of Softened Concrete in Biaxial Tension-Compression,” Structural Journal of American Concrete Institute 92(5): 562573 (1995).
  • 27
    Hsu T.T.C., Unified Theory of Reinforced Concrete, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL (1993).
  • 28
    Mikame A., Uchida K., and Noguchi H., A Study of Compressive Deterioration of Cracked Concrete. Proc. Int. Workshop on Finite Element Analysis of Reinforced Concrete, Columbia Univ., New York (1991).
  • 29
    Belarbi A., and Hsu T.C., “Constitutive Laws of Concrete in Tension and Reinforcing Bars Stiffened by Concrete,” Structural Journal of American Concrete Institute 91(4): 465474 (1994).
  • 30
    CEN EN 1992-1-1. Eurocode 2: Design of Concrete Structures–Part 1-1: General Rules and Rules for Buildings (2004).
  • 31
    CEB-FIP Model Code 1990, Comité Euro-International du Béton, Lausanne, Suisse (1990).
  • 32
    ACI Committee 318. Building Code Requirements for Reinforced Concrete (ACI 318-05) and Commentary (ACI 318R-05). American Concrete Institute, Detroit (2005).
  • 33
    A23.3-04. Design of Concrete Structures, Canadian Standards Association, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (2004).1.
  • 34
    Nakachi T., Toda T., and Makita T., Experimental study on deformation of reinforced concrete shear walls after flexural yielding. Tenth World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Rotterdam, pp. 32313236 (1992).