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The burden of stroke in Pakistan

Authors

  • Bhojo A. Khealani,

    1. Neurology Section, Department of Medicine, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan
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  • Mohammad Wasay

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Neurology, The Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, Karachi 74800, Pakistan
      Mohammad Wasay*, Neurology Section, Department of Medicine, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan. Tel: +9221 4930051; Fax: +9221 4934294; e-mail: mohammad.wasay@aku.edu Neurology Section, Department of Medicine, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan
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Mohammad Wasay*, Neurology Section, Department of Medicine, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan. Tel: +9221 4930051; Fax: +9221 4934294; e-mail: mohammad.wasay@aku.edu Neurology Section, Department of Medicine, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan

Abstract

Epidemiologic literature on stroke burden, patterns of stroke is almost non existent from Pakistan. However, several hospital-based case series on the subject are available, mainly published in local medical journals. Despite the fact that true stroke incidence and prevalence of stroke in Pakistan is not known, the burden is assumed to be high because of highly prevalent stroke risk factors (hypertension, diabetes mellitus, coronary artery disease, dyslipidemia and smoking) in the community. High burden of these conventional stroke risk factors is further compounded by lack of awareness, poor compliance hence poor control, and inappropriate management/treatment practices. In addition certain risk factors like rheumatic valvular heart disease may be more prevalent in Pakistan. We reviewed the existing literature on stroke risk factors in community, the risk factor prevalence among stroke patients, patterns of stroke, out come of stroke, availability of diagnostic services/facilities related to stroke and resources for stroke care in Pakistan.

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