The authors would like to thank Scott Anderson and Alyse Freilich for their excellent research assistance; Rebecca Clark for her expert analytic advice; and Jenny Genser, Susan Martin, David Nielsen, Jeffrey S. Passel, Lisa Roney, and Karen Tumlin for their thoughtful comments on earlier drafts. The opinions expressed are those of the authors and should not be attributed to the Urban Institute, its board, or its administration. This paper was initially presented at the 1999 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.
All Under One Roof: Mixed-Status Families in an Era of Reform1
Article first published online: 23 FEB 2006
International Migration Review
Volume 35, Issue 2, pages 397–419, June 2001
How to Cite
Fix, M. and Zimmermann, W. (2001), All Under One Roof: Mixed-Status Families in an Era of Reform. International Migration Review, 35: 397–419. doi: 10.1111/j.1747-7379.2001.tb00023.x
Support for this paper has been provided by the Ford, William and Flora Hewlett, and Andrew W. Mellon Foundations and by a consortium of federal agencies that includes the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, the Administration for Children and Families, and the Health Care Financing Administration of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Food, Nutrition and Consumer Services and the Economic Research Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service.
- Issue published online: 23 FEB 2006
- Article first published online: 23 FEB 2006
In this paper we document the prevalence of mixed immigration status families and discuss some of the immigration and citizenship policies that drive their formation. Using the 1998 Current Population Survey, we find that nearly one in ten families with children is a mixed status family: that is a family in which one or both parents is a noncitizen and one or more children is a citizen. We also find that 75 percent of children in immigrant families are citizens. We identify a number of the challenges that mixed status families pose for achieving the goals of recent welfare and illegal immigration reforms.