I thank Kevin McHugh, Cecilia Menjivar, Thomas Boswell, and the anonymous reviewers for their comments and suggestions, and Barbara Trapido -Lurie (cartographer) for drafting the figures that appear in this paper.
Race and Place in the Adaptation of Mariel Exiles*
Version of Record online: 23 FEB 2006
International Migration Review
Volume 35, Issue 2, pages 449–471, June 2001
How to Cite
Skop, E. H. (2001), Race and Place in the Adaptation of Mariel Exiles. International Migration Review, 35: 449–471. doi: 10.1111/j.1747-7379.2001.tb00025.x
- Issue online: 23 FEB 2006
- Version of Record online: 23 FEB 2006
The influx of lower class émigrés during the 1980 Mariel Boatlift complicates the “success story” image of previous waves of Cuban exiles to the United States. Examination of Mariel exiles in terms of racial variation in adaptation does not exist; nor is analysis of the geographic distribution and internal migration of Mariel Cubans within the United States represented. Mariel exiles maneuver along distinguishable paths of adaptation as evidenced by patterns of settlement and geographical mobility. I argue that place is a necessary ingredient in illuminating diverse adjustment experiences among immigrants and refugees in the United States.