I would like to thank the interviewers and the humanitarian entrants, all of whom volunteered their time and energies in allowing this study to be successfully undertaken and completed. I am also indebted to Jacob Oluwoye of the University of Technology, Sydney (UTS), and Frances Lovejoy of the University of New South Wales (UNSW) for their advice, comments and support as well as Charmaine Silove, also from UNSW, for her comments and editing the article. Finally, I would also like to extend my gratitude to the three anonymous reviewers for their constructive criticisms and recommendations.
The Economic Adjustment of Recently Arrived Bosnian, Afghan and Iraqi Refugees in Sydney, Australia1
Article first published online: 23 FEB 2006
International Migration Review
Volume 35, Issue 2, pages 472–505, June 2001
How to Cite
Waxman, P. (2001), The Economic Adjustment of Recently Arrived Bosnian, Afghan and Iraqi Refugees in Sydney, Australia. International Migration Review, 35: 472–505. doi: 10.1111/j.1747-7379.2001.tb00026.x
- Issue published online: 23 FEB 2006
- Article first published online: 23 FEB 2006
Research on the early settlement experience of refugees from Bosnia, Iraq and Afghanistan is absent, both in Australia and overseas. The current study, based on questionnaire results and the application of SPSS results, explores the impact that pre-migration and post-arrival experiences have on the initial post-arrival economic adjustment in Sydney, Australia of recently arrived refugees from these three countries. Guided by a summary of previous findings and surveyed results of key service providers in Sydney, two propositions based on pre-migration and post-migration background variables have been developed and tested with mixed results. As expected, there was a significant relationship between English language competency and the likelihood of being gainfully employed. However, there was, for example, no significant association between current employment status and the time spent in detention camp or the extent of negative exit conditions experienced, and there were no significant differences in employment outcomes for those with or without qualifications. This study concludes with a number of recommendations, in particular, the need for early intervention with adequate English language tuition, employment skills training and career counseling which could greatly assist humanitarian entrants in finding employment and reducing welfare dependence.