An earlier version of this paper was presented at the annual meeting of the Population Association of America, Los Angeles, CA, March 23–25, 2000. We thank the anonymous reviewers for their valuable suggestions. We also thank R. Douglas Arnold, Larry Bartels, Jennifer Hochschild, Jane Junn, Tali Mendelberg, Debbie Schildkraut and Min Zhou for their feedback and criticisms. Finally, we thank Sipra Roy for her help with creating the graphs and tables for this paper, and the Office of Population Research Center Grant #P30HD32030 for the use of facilities at the Office of Population Research at Princeton University.
Immigrant Incorporation and Political Participation in the United States1
Version of Record online: 23 FEB 2006
International Migration Review
Volume 35, Issue 3, pages 870–909, September 2001
How to Cite
Ramakrishnan, S. K. and Espenshade, T. J. (2001), Immigrant Incorporation and Political Participation in the United States. International Migration Review, 35: 870–909. doi: 10.1111/j.1747-7379.2001.tb00044.x
- Issue online: 23 FEB 2006
- Version of Record online: 23 FEB 2006
This article examines several factors related to immigrant incorporation that have been ignored in previous studies of voting participation. We add various immigrant-related variables to a model that controls for individual resources, social incorporation, institutional barriers and contexts of political mobilization. We find little support for straight-line assimilationist theories of immigrant adaptation. We also find that coming from a repressive regime has no significant effect on voting and that living in areas with Spanish-language ballots does not increase the likelihood of voting among first generation Latinos. Our results also suggest that antiimmigrant legislation has a positive effect on participation among first and second generation immigrants. Overall, the immigrant-related variables introduced in our analysis add significantly to the existing theoretical knowledge on voting participation in the United States.