The fieldwork was conducted primarily in 25 Yunnanese refugee villages in Northern Thailand (among them, 22 are KMT villages, i.e., founded by the KMT troops and were under their protection and control), secondarily in Chiang Mai, Bangkok and Taiwan, from November 1994 until August 1996, and a two-month visit in Northern Thailand and Taiwan in 1999. I am greatly indebted to Professor Johan Leman, the director of Migration and Ethnicity Research Institute, Brussels, for his patient and intellectual guidance of my research.
From War Refugees to Immigrants: The Case of the KMT Yunnanese Chinese in Northern Thailand1
Article first published online: 23 FEB 2006
International Migration Review
Volume 35, Issue 4, pages 1086–1105, December 2001
How to Cite
Chang, W.-C. (2001), From War Refugees to Immigrants: The Case of the KMT Yunnanese Chinese in Northern Thailand. International Migration Review, 35: 1086–1105. doi: 10.1111/j.1747-7379.2001.tb00053.x
- Issue published online: 23 FEB 2006
- Article first published online: 23 FEB 2006
The KMT (Kuomintang) Yunnanese Chinese in Northern Thailand have a complex migration history spread over different generations and places. It not only reflects political entanglements involving different power entities, but also illustrates the dynamic reaction of the people to the complications. The article focuses on the interactions between the political powers and the people. The process highlights that the Yunnanese are not mere objects controlled by external policies or conditions. After a few decades of hard life, they have been transforming themselves from refugee warriors to immigrants.