Funded by a grant from the Summer Research Initiative, Wayne State University College of Nursing.
Self-Treatment of Pain in a Rural Area
Article first published online: 6 JUN 2006
The Journal of Rural Health
Volume 20, Issue 2, pages 166–172, March 2004
How to Cite
Vallerand, A. H., Fouladbakhsh, J. M. and Templin, T. (2004), Self-Treatment of Pain in a Rural Area. The Journal of Rural Health, 20: 166–172. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-0361.2004.tb00024.x
- Issue published online: 6 JUN 2006
- Article first published online: 6 JUN 2006
ABSTRACT: Context: In the United States, 42% of adults say they experience pain daily, the majority often relying on self-treatment. In addition, an increasing number of people are seeking complementary/alternative therapies, often without informing their health care providers. Purpose: To explore the occurrence of pain and the modalities of self-treatment used by community members (N = 108) from a rural area of Michigan, the potential for interactions between pain self-treatment modalities and other medications currently being taken, and demographic variables that might affect self-treatment choice. Method: This exploratory descriptive study was conducted using a survey method. Findings: Findings revealed that 66% were taking prescription medications, 75% over-the-counter medications, 20% herbal supplements, and 35% nonpharmacological treatments. Of the reported prescription and over-the-counter medications, 18% were opioids, 77% were nonopioids, and 18% were adjuvant medications. One-third of the subjects were taking more than 1 medication and/or herbal product or supplement, increasing their risk for potential drug–herb interactions, complicated by the fact that 20% did not inform their primary care practitioner of their self-treatment choices. Conclusions: This study contributes to the knowledge of current self-treatment choices regarding pain management and potentially harmful interactions that might occur from using multiple medications and supplements.