The work reported here was funded through a Small Grant from the University of California-Davis supported by the Economic Research Service of the US Department of Agriculture, grant no. K-981834-10. The data were collected through a grant from the National Institutes of Health, grant no. HD 29549.
The Relationship Between Food Insecurity and Obesity in Rural Childbearing Women
Article first published online: 1 FEB 2008
© 2008 National Rural Health Association
The Journal of Rural Health
Volume 24, Issue 1, pages 60–66, Winter 2008
How to Cite
Olson, C. M. and Strawderman, M. S. (2008), The Relationship Between Food Insecurity and Obesity in Rural Childbearing Women. The Journal of Rural Health, 24: 60–66. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-0361.2008.00138.x
For further information, contact: Christine M. Olson, PhD, Division of Nutritional Sciences, 376 MVR Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853; e-mail email@example.com.
- Issue published online: 1 FEB 2008
- Article first published online: 1 FEB 2008
ABSTRACT: Context:While food insecurity and obesity have been shown to be positively associated in women, little is known about the direction of the causal relationship between these 2 constructs. Purpose: To clarify the direction of the causal relationship between food insecurity and obesity. Methods: Chi-square and logistic regression analysis of data from a cohort of 622 healthy childbearing women living in a 10-county rural area of upstate New York and followed from early pregnancy until 2 years postpartum. Findings: Obesity in early pregnancy was associated with increased risk of food insecurity at 2 years postpartum. Initial food insecurity was not associated with increased risk of obesity at 2 years postpartum. Women who were both obese and food insecure in early pregnancy were at greatest risk of major weight gain over the pregnancy and postpartum period. Conclusions: Obesity appears to lead to food insecurity rather than the converse. Obesity combined with food insecurity present the greatest risk for major weight gain in this sample of childbearing women.