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Keywords:

  • captive-breeding;
  • EEP;
  • in situ conservation;
  • Red-tailed amazon

In 1994 the European Endangered Species Programme (EEP) for the Red-tailed amazon Amazona brasiliensis was founded to facilitate captive-breeding in the face of increasing threats to the species in the wild from deforestation, tourism and poaching. There are c. 300 captive A. brasiliensis in Brazil and the EEP is collaborating on the development of a Brazilian studbook in order to co-ordinate captive-breeding and establish a self-sustaining captive population. The EEP founder members also developed the ‘Amazon Connection’ to support collaborative in situ conservation projects, for example, ‘Project Cara-Roxa’. The education programmes, public-awareness campaigns, ecological surveys and threats which have been identified are discussed.