Zoo legislation


  • M. E. COOPER

    1. Department of Wild Life and Animal and Resources Management, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Makerere University, PO Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda, East Africa
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      Wildlife Health Services, PO Box 153, Wellingborough, Northants NN8 2ZA, United Kingdom.


Many countries have legislation to regulate zoos that requires these institutions to be licensed and inspected. A European Union Directive also requires that zoos in member countries have conservation objectives. Although the form and content of zoo legislation are diverse, there are common elements and these are discussed. Zoo regulation is usually supported by written standards relating to species, exhibits and management.