Neotropical primates: taxonomy and recently described species and subspecies



The current taxonomy of the New World primates (Platyrrhini) indicates c. 152 species (i.e. 204 species and subspecies) in 20 genera and four or five families. For various reasons, the number of taxa has increased considerably in the last 30 years; the adoption of the phylogenetic species concept, cytogenetic and molecular genetic studies, and the discovery of 31 new species and subspecies, among them. Here, we provide a summary of some of the key changes and developments in the taxonomy of these monkeys since the International Zoo Yearbook's previous special section on New World primates in 1982 (Volume 22).