The Shoebill Balaeniceps rex is an uncommon species in zoological collections worldwide. Although a few Shoebills have lived quite long lives, most have not and successful breeding is only known to have occurred on two occasions. Available literature and responses from a husbandry questionnaire were used to compile husbandry guidelines. Questionnaire responses were obtained from 17 zoos (100% of holders worldwide at the time of writing). These guidelines form the basis of this paper.