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Abstract

The influence of divalent cations on the release of histamine and the formation of slow reacting substance (SRS) in the perfused cat paw induced by compound 48/80 was studied. Ca++ was found to have a stimulatory effect on both processes. Ca++ had no releasing effects per se. When the paws were perfused for 1 or 2 hrs with Ca++-free salt solution, prior to compound 48/80, the release was depressed. Histamine release and formation of SRS were inhibited by disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetate (EDTA). In both instances the EDTA-blockade could be reversed by Ca++, whereas Ca++, Mg++, Mn++ and Ni++ were ineffective substitutes. The EDTA-blockade of histamine release but not that of the formation of SRS was also reversed by Sr++ and in some experiments by Ba++. The stimulatory effect of Sr++ on the release of histamine was weaker than that of Ca++. No significant stimulatory effect of Sr++ on the formation of SRS was observed. It is concluded that the release of histamine and the formation of SRS in the cat paw are Ca++-dependent processes although in the case of histamine release Ca++ can partially be replaced by Sr++.