Airway Effects of Slow Reacting Substance, Prostaglandin F2α and Histamine in the Guinea-Pig
Article first published online: 8 DEC 2008
© 1975 Scandinavian Physiological Society
Acta Physiologica Scandinavica
Volume 94, Issue 1, pages 105–111, May 1975
How to Cite
Strandberg, K. and Hedqvist, P. (1975), Airway Effects of Slow Reacting Substance, Prostaglandin F2α and Histamine in the Guinea-Pig. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica, 94: 105–111. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-1716.1975.tb05866.x
- Issue published online: 8 DEC 2008
- Article first published online: 8 DEC 2008
- Received 17 December 1974
SRS, PGF2α, and histamine were administered intravenously or as aerosols to artificially ventilated guineapigs in order to assess their capacity to affect tracheal insufflation pressure measured by means of Konzett-Rössler technique. Independently of route of administration all three compounds increased tracheal insufflation pressure, SRS being the most potent one. Bilateral cervical vagotomy did not alter the effect. Relative to histamine SRS and PGF2α were considerably more active by aerosol administration than by intravenous injection. The aerosols had little or no effect on systemic blood pressure. On intravenous injection, histamine decreased and SRS adn PGF2α increased arterial blood pressure in a dose-dependent fashion. The airway effects of histamine were correlated to those on blood pressure whereas with SRS and PGF2α this was not seen when the blood pressure effects were marked. Preadministration of adrenaline or isoprenaline as aerosols antagonized the increase in insufflation pressure, but not the effects on blood pressure, produced by intravenously injected histamine of PGF2α.
It is concluded that SRS, PGF2α and histamine on intravenous or aerosol administration increase tracheal insufflation pressure in the guinea-pig mainly by an action on airway tone. The data emphasize that SRS is a potent bronchoconstricting agent, possibly of pathophysiological significance in guinea-pig anaphylaxis.