• Endurance training;
  • alkaline proteases;
  • muscles;
  • rat

This study aimed at comparing the effects of running and swimming training protocols and the termination of training on the activities of two proteases with alkaline pH-optima (alkaline protease and myofibrillar protease) in the tibialis anterior, soleus, and gastrocnemius muscles of male rats. The training on treadmill decreased the activities of alkaline and myofibrillar proteases by approx.10–20% in the muscles studied. The activities of both proteases were unchanged in swimming-trained rats. Two weeks after the termination of running training the activity of alkaline protease was increased in gastrocnemius muscle but not in the other muscles. Swimming training increased the activity of citrate synthase in all muscles studied but training by running only in the soleus muscle. The running protocol increased the activity of β-glucuronidase in the tibialis anterior muscle and decreased the activity in the gastrocnemius muscle. The swimming program did not affect β-glucuronidase activities. These results show diverse effects of running and swimming trainings on alkaline proteolytic activities as well as on mitochondrial and lysosomal marker enzymes.