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Keywords:

  • exercise training;
  • glucose metabolism;
  • insulin sensitivity;
  • soleus muscle

Male and female Wistar rats were exercise-trained for 6 or 11 weeks respectively, to examine the effects of acute exercise or exercise training per se on insulin-stimulated glucose utilization in soleus muscles. isolated and incubated in vitro. The maximal activities of hexokinase and 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase were significantly elevated (by > 50%) in gastrocnemius muscle of exercise-trained male and female rats, indicating an adaptation to the training regime. No significant differences in any of the variables studied were observed between appropriately matched male and female rats. There were no significant differences in the sensitivity or responsiveness of the rates of lactate formation or glycogen synthesis in soleus muscles isolated from exercise-trained and sedentary animals at rest (exercise-trained animals were studied 40 h after the last exercise bout). On the other hand, acute exercise caused significant changes in soleus muscle glucose metabolism. Basal and insulin-stimulated rates of glycogen synthesis were significantly elevated in soleus muscles incubated from both sedentary and exercise-trained rats immediately after an exercise bout. In addition, the responsiveness of glucose utilization to insulin in soleus muscles from exercise-trained rats was significantly increased after acute exercise. The results indicate that significant changes in the control of glucose metabolism by insulin in soleus muscle occur as a result of an acute exercise bout, while no adaptive changes in insulin sensitivity occur in soleus muscle after exercise training.