Responses to eccentric and concentric resistance training in females and males
Article first published online: 8 DEC 2008
© 1991 Scandinavian Physiological Society
Acta Physiologica Scandinavica
Volume 141, Issue 2, pages 149–156, February 1991
How to Cite
COLLIANDER, E. B. and TESCH, P. A. (1991), Responses to eccentric and concentric resistance training in females and males. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica, 141: 149–156. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-1716.1991.tb09063.x
- Issue published online: 8 DEC 2008
- Article first published online: 8 DEC 2008
- Received 21 August 1990, accepted 3 October 1990
- Accommodated resistance;
- muscular strenght;
- quadriceps peak torque
The adaptive responses to 12 weeks of accommodated resistance training were compared in females (n= 11) and males (n= 11). They performed four to five sets of six maximum bilateral coupled concentric and eccentric quadriceps muscle actions at 1.05 rad s-1 three times per week. Uni- and bilateral concentric and eccentric peak torque at different angular velocities (0.52, 1.57 and 2.62 rad s-1), three repetition maximum half-squat and vertical jump height were measured before and after training.
Both groups displayed marked increases (P < 0.05) in concentric and eccentric peak torque at all angular velocities. The relative increases (P < 0.05) in unilateral concentric (26 vs. 26%) and eccentric (28 vs. 36%) peak torque across speeds were similar in females and males. The corresponding increases (P < 0.05) in bilateral concentric and eccentric peak torque across speeds were 20 vs. 28% and 24 vs. 39% respectively. The three repetition maximum half-squat (20 vs. 25%) and vertical jump height (10 vs. 8%) increased (P < 0.05) equally in females and males.
These results suggest that the overall increases in concentric and eccentric peak torque and functional strength, in response to short-term accommodated resistance training, occur at a rate that is independent of sex. The torque-velocity relationship, however, appears to change in males suggesting a relatively greater enhancement of maximum voluntary force in the slow-speed, high-force region.