Modifications of mechanoelectric feedback induced by 2,3-butanedione monoxime and Blebbistatin in Langendorff-perfused rabbit hearts


Correspondence: Francisco J. Chorro, Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Clínico Universitario, Avda. Blasco Ibañez 17, 46010 Valencia, Spain.




Myocardial stretching is an arrhythmogenic factor. Optical techniques and mechanical uncouplers are used to study the mechanoelectric feedback. The aim of this study is to determine whether the mechanical uncouplers 2,3-butanedione monoxime and Blebbistatin hinder or modify the electrophysiological effects of acute mechanical stretch.


The ventricular fibrillation (VF) modifications induced by acute mechanical stretch were studied in 27 Langendorff-perfused rabbit hearts using epicardial multiple electrodes and mapping techniques under control conditions (n = 9) and during the perfusion of 2,3-butanedione monoxime (15 mM) (n = 9) or Blebbistatin (10 μm) (n = 9).


In the control series, myocardial stretch increased the complexity of the activation maps and the dominant frequency (DF) of VF from 13.1 ± 2.0 Hz to 19.1 ± 3.1 Hz (P < 0.001, 46% increment). At baseline, the activation maps showed less complexity in both the 2,3-butanedione monoxime and Blebbistatin series, and the DF was lower in the 2,3-butanedione monoxime series (11.4 ± 1.2 Hz; P < 0.05). The accelerating effect of mechanical stretch was abolished under 2,3-butanedione monoxime (maximum DF = 11.7 ± 2.4 Hz, 5% increment, ns vs baseline, P < 0.0001 vs. control series) and reduced under Blebbistatin (maximum DF = 12.9 ± 0.7 Hz, 8% increment, P < 0.01 vs. baseline, P < 0.0001 vs. control series). The variations in complexity of the activation maps under stretch were not significant in the 2,3-butanedione monoxime series and were significantly attenuated under Blebbistatin.


The accelerating effect and increased complexity of myocardial activation during VF induced by acute mechanical stretch are abolished under the action of 2,3-butanedione monoxime and reduced under the action of Blebbistatin.