Power resources of older people in Iran


  • Maryam Ravanipour MScN, PhD,

  • Shayesteh Salehi MScN, PhD,

  • Fariba Taleghani MScN, PhD,

  • Heidar Ali Abedi MScN, PhD,

  • Sayed Reza Ishaghi MD,

  • Marieke J. Schuurmans PhD,

  • Anneke de Jong MScN

Maryam Ravanipour
Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery
Bushehr University of Medical Sciences
Rishehr Street
PO Box: 7518759577
Telephone: +98 771 4550178
E-mails: ravanipour@bpums.ac.ir; ravanipour@gmail.com


Background.  Maximising the client’s power resources facilitates their ability to cope with chronic illness. Nurses must be well informed about power resources and feelings of empowerment among older people.

Aim.  This article reports on a study exploring power resources in daily life from the perspective of older people in Iran.

Design.  A qualitative content analysis study was conducted. The participants were selected from older community dwellers in Iran using in-depth, semi-structured interviews to understand their experiences with power resources.

Results.  Power in older people in Iran is represented by four dimensions: spiritual, intellectual, social and physical. Each power dimension can be divided into intrinsic and extrinsic modes.

Conclusion.  By maximising older people’s power in intellectual, social and especially in spiritual resources, the effect of the loss of physical power, with its deteriorative or depressogenic effect on older people’s sense of power and well-being can be compensated for. It is recommended that nurses should plan their interventions to enhance older people’s power, especially their spiritual power.

Implications for practice.  Different models of empowering older people should be explored in Iranian nursing care delivery.