Upper gastrointestinal examinations: a radiographic study of clinically normal beagle puppies

Authors

  • T. Miyabayashi,

    1. Laboratory for Energy-Related Health Research and the Department of Radiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California 95616
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    • 2

      Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210

  • J. P. Morgan

    1. Laboratory for Energy-Related Health Research and the Department of Radiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California 95616
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ABSTRACT

A total of 24 upper gastrointestinal examinations were performed on four weanling beagle puppies over six weeks, using liquid barium (10 ml/kg bodyweight of 60 per cent w/v barium sulphate suspension] and barium food (8 g/kg of crushed kibble dog food and 7 ml/kg bodyweight of 60 per cent w/v barium sulphate suspension) as contrast media. The radiographic appearance was similar to that noted in adult dogs except for the consistent location of the pylorus on or near the midline. Duodenal pseudoulcers were seen more often with liquid barium and the caecal shadows were identified more often with the longer examination time with barium food. The stomach of the puppies appeared to have discriminatory emptying function; that is, semi-solid food was emptied from the stomach at a slower rate (210 to 450 minutes) than liquid (60 to 90 minutes). Solid meals emptied faster in puppies than in adult dogs. Dosages of 13 to 15 mg/kg bodyweight for the liquid barium examination and 14 g of ground kibble and 16 ml of barium sulphate suspension per m2 of body surface area for the barium food examination are suggested as more appropriate for contrast studies in puppies.

Ancillary