Effects of radiotherapy alone and surgery and radiotherapy on survival of dogs with nasal tumours



The case records of 26 dogs with nasal tumours, treated either with radiation alone or surgery and radiation, were compared. One- and two-year actuarial survival rates for 12 dogs treated with radiotherapy were 58 and 13 per cent, respectively, compared to 71 and 38 per cent, respectively, for 14 dogs which were treated with surgery before radiotherapy. Sixty-seven per cent of the dogs treated with radiotherapy had recurrent clinical signs by 52 weeks compared to 36 per cent of the dogs treated with surgery and radiotherapy. The longer disease-free interval of the dogs treated with surgery and radiotherapy was statistically significant. When dogs with sarcomas were compared to those with carcinomas, there was no significant difference in disease-free interval or survival time.