Retrospective analysis of 19 cases of isolated torsion of the splenic pedicle in dogs

Authors

  • P. J. NEATH,

    1. Department of Clinical Studies, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 3850 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6010. USA
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  • D. J. BROCKMAN,

    1. Department of Clinical Studies, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 3850 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6010. USA
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  • H. M. SAUNDERS

    1. Department of Clinical Studies, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 3850 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6010. USA
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Abstract

Nineteen cases of isolated splenic torsion in the dog were reviewed retrospectively. Perioperative data were anaiysed in order to determine prognostic indicators of morbidity and mortality for animals with this disease. The Great Dane and German shepherd dog were found to be at increased risk for this condition. The historical features of splenic torsion were non-speclflc and included intermittent signs of gastrointestinal disease and abdominal discomfort. Mean duration of malaise was eight days, but 17 dogs were presented because of a rapid deterioration in their condition. Abdominal ultrasound findings assisted in the decision to perform surgery in ail the dogs on which it was performed. Eighteen animals had splenic torsion confirmed at surgery and were treated by total splenectomy. Ail 18 surgically managed dogs survived. Analysis of pre and postoperative data failed to reveal preoperative parameters that consistently predicted postorative complications.

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