Chronic idiopathic intestinal pseudo-obstruction in an English bulldog

Authors

  • E. Dvir,

    1. Departments of Companion Animal Medicine University of Pretoria, Private Bag X04, Onderstepoort 0110, South Africa
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  • A. L. Leisewitz,

    1. Departments of Companion Animal Medicine University of Pretoria, Private Bag X04, Onderstepoort 0110, South Africa
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  • J. J. Van DER Lugt

    1. *Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X04, Onderstepoort 0110, South Africa
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    • 2

      BothaVanderLugt Veterinary Pathologists, PO Box 8464, Pretoria 0001, South Africa


Abstract

A case of chronic idiopathic intestinal pseudo-obstruction in an English bulldog is described. The dog was presented with chronic weight loss and vomiting. An intestinal obstruction was suspected based on clinical and radiological findings. A diagnosis of chronic idiopathic intestinal pseudo-obstruction was made on the basis of full thickness intestinal biopsies. The dog was refractory to any antiemetic therapy. Necropsy revealed marked atrophy and fibrosis of the tunica muscularis, together with a mononuclear cell infiltrate extending from the duodenum to the colon. This case was presented with clinical findings consistent with visceral myopathy in humans -namely, atony and dilatation of the whole gut - but the histological findings resembled sclerosis limited to the gastrointestinal tract.

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