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This study evaluated the accuracy of a new stereotactic CT-guided brain biopsy (SCTGBB) device on 23 client-owned dogs which presented with a brain lesion. Biopsy of the lesion was achieved in 95 per cent of cases. The target tissue was not sampled in one dog. Complications were observed in six dogs. Two dogs with highly vascularised brainstem tumours died after SCTGBB. Minor complications (slight variation in the neurological status) were observed in a further four cases. A diagnosis was reached in 16 dogs after cytological examination and in 21 dogs after histological evaluation. SCTGBB is an accurate diagnostic method for the diagnosis of brain lesions.