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Treatment of tibial fractures with plates using minimally invasive percutaneous osteosynthesis in dogs and cats

Authors

  • H. G. Schmökel,

    1. Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, Division of Small Animal Surgery, University of Bern, Längassstrasse, 3001 Bern, Switzerland
      *Shared first authorship
      †Great Western Referrals, Shrivenham Road, Swindon SN1 2NR, UK
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  • S. Stein,

    1. Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, Division of Small Animal Surgery, University of Bern, Längassstrasse, 3001 Bern, Switzerland
      *Shared first authorship
      †Great Western Referrals, Shrivenham Road, Swindon SN1 2NR, UK
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  • H. Radke,

    1. Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, Division of Small Animal Surgery, University of Bern, Längassstrasse, 3001 Bern, Switzerland
      *Shared first authorship
      †Great Western Referrals, Shrivenham Road, Swindon SN1 2NR, UK
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  • K. Hurter,

    1. Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, Division of Small Animal Surgery, University of Bern, Längassstrasse, 3001 Bern, Switzerland
      *Shared first authorship
      †Great Western Referrals, Shrivenham Road, Swindon SN1 2NR, UK
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  • P. Schawalder

    1. Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, Division of Small Animal Surgery, University of Bern, Längassstrasse, 3001 Bern, Switzerland
      *Shared first authorship
      †Great Western Referrals, Shrivenham Road, Swindon SN1 2NR, UK
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Abstract

Objectives: The aim of the here described case series was to develop and evaluate the minimally invasive percutaneous osteosynthesis for the plate fixation of tibial fractures in dogs and cats.

Methods: Six dogs and four cats with shaft fractures of the tibia were treated using minimally invasive percutaneous osteosynthesis. Follow-up radiographs four to six weeks after fracture fixation were evaluated for fracture healing. For the long-term follow-up (minimum 2·4 years), owners were contacted by phone to complete a questionnaire.

Results: All fractures healed without the need for a second procedure. Follow-up radiographs obtained after four to six weeks in seven cases showed advanced bony healing with callus formation and filling of the fracture gaps with calcified tissue in all seven. All the patients had a good to excellent long-term result with full limb function. The time needed for regaining full limb use was two to three months.

Clinical Significance: Minimally invasive percutaneous osteosynthesis seems to be a useful technique for the treatment of tibial shaft fractures in dogs and cats.

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