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Bilateral obturator neuropathy caused by an intrapelvic fibrosarcoma with myofibroblastic features in a dog

Authors

  • A. E. Vanhaesebrouck,

    1. Department of Small Animal Medicine and Clinical Biology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium
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    • Vanhaesebrouck's present address is Queen's Veterinary School Hospital, Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0ES, UK

  • S. Maes,

    1. Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium
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  • I. Van Soens,

    1. Department of Small Animal Medicine and Clinical Biology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium
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  • Y. Baeumlin,

    1. Department of Veterinary Medical Imaging, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium
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  • V. Saey,

    1. Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium
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  • L. M. Van Ham

    1. Department of Small Animal Medicine and Clinical Biology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium
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Abstract

A nine-year-old female Rottweiler presented with a 6-week history of progressive impairment of hindlimb adduction. Clinical examination showed abduction of both hind legs when walking on a smooth surface, pain at the medial surface of the left thigh, and an intrarectal palpable mass at the pelvic floor. Electromyography demonstrated fibrillation potentials in the adductor muscles on both sides. Pelvic radiographs showed severe osteolysis of the ischium. Gross post-mortem examination following euthanasia disclosed a large retroperitoneal mass, invading the obturator foramina and compressing both obturator nerves. Histopathological examination revealed a high-grade anaplastic sarcoma. Immunohistochemically, the tumour cells labelled positively for vimentin and alpha-smooth muscle actin, hence the tumour was considered a “myofibroblastic fibrosarcoma”. This unique case report describes a novel cause of obturator neuropathy in veterinary medicine. To date, clinical descriptions of obturator nerve lesions have been limited to pelvic fractures in small animals and following difficult labour in large animals.

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