Lethal and repellent effects of transfluthrin and metofluthrin used in portable blowers for personal protection against Ochlerotatus togoi and Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae)

Authors


  • doi: 10.1111/j.1748-5967.2007.00109.x


Dong-Kyu Lee, Department of Health and Environment, Kosin University, Dongsam-dong, Youngdo-gu, Busan 606-701, Korea. Email: leedk@kosin.ac.kr

Abstract

The lethal efficacy of three vaporizing insecticides – 0.6% transfluthrin and 0.6% metofluthrin in portable battery-powered blowers and 2.5% bioallethrin in electric mats – was assessed in unventilated and ventilated screened room conditions against Ochlerotatus togoi (Theobald) females. The mosquitoes were highly susceptible to transfluthrin and metofluthrin. Mean mortality rates of mosquitoes exposed to transfluthrin and metofluthrin in portable blowers ranged from 95 to 100% at a distance of 10 cm from mosquito cages in both room conditions; this was a >2.4-fold greater mortality rate than for mosquitoes exposed to bioallethrin in electric mats under the same conditions (mean 40%). The three insecticides showed a decrease in mortality rate at a distance of 70 cm: rates were <5.0, 32.5, 85.0 and 90.0% for 10, 30, 60, and 120 min after exposure, respectively, for the same exposure periods in a closed room. In semi-field repellent tests with human volunteers, 0.6% concentrations of transfluthrin and metofluthrin provided mean biting protection of 76.1 and 59.9% on legs, 68.5 and 52.1% on arms, 63.4 and 63.1% on the chest, and 87.1 and 52.9% on the face, respectively. In field tests, 0.6% transfluthrin effectively repelled Armigeres subalbatus and Aedes albopictus, with mean biting protection of 85.4 and 89.3% on exposed legs and arms, respectively, of the human volunteers. Metofluthrin at 0.6% also effectively repelled Ar. subalbatus, with mean biting protection levels of 71.8 and 73.5% on the legs and arms, respectively. There was no significant difference of repellent activity between the two vaporizing insecticides in the field.

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