SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Abate T, Van Huis A, Ampofo JKO (2000) Pest management strategies in traditional agriculture: an African perspective. Annual Review of Entomology 45: 631659.
  • Adamolekun B (1993) Anaphe venata entomophagy and seasonal ataxic syndrome in southwest Nigeria. Lancet 341: 626.
  • Adamolekun B, McCandless DW, Butterworth RF (1997) Epidemic of seasonal ataxia in Nigeria following ingestion of the African Silkworm Anaphe venata: role of thiamine deficiency? Metabolic Brain Disease 12: 251258.
  • Ademolu KO, Idowu AB, Mafiana CF, Osinowo OA (2004) Performance, proximate and mineral analyses of African giant land snail (Archachatina marginata) fed different nitrogen sources. African Journal of Biotechnology 3: 412417.
  • Akinnawo O, Ketiku AO (2000) Chemical composition and fatty acid profile of edible larva of Cirina forda (Westwood). African Journal of Biomedical Research 3: 9396.
  • Amadi EN, Ogbalu OK, Barimalaa IS,. Pius M (2005) Microbiology and nutritional composition of an edible larva (Bunaea alcinoe Stoll) of the Niger Delta. Journal of Food Safety 25: 193197.
  • Auerswald L, Lopata A (2005) Insects – diversity and allergy. Current Allergy 18: 5860.
  • Barzman MS, Mills NJ, Nguyen TTC (1996) Traditional knowledge and rationale for weaver ant husbandry in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam. Agriculture and Human Values 13: 29.
  • Brand JC, Cherikoff V, Lee A, McDonnell J (1982) Nutrients in important bushfoods. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society of Australia 7: 5054.
  • Cane S (1987) Australian Aboriginal subsistence in the Western Desert. Journal Human Ecology 15: 391434.
  • Cerda H, Martinez R, Briceno N, Pizzoferrato L, Manzi P, Tommaseo Ponzetta M et al. (2000) Palm worm (Rhynchophorus palmarum) traditional food in Amazonas, Venezuela – Nutritional composition, small scale production and tourist palatability. Ecology of Food and Nutrition 39: 120.
  • Cleland JB (1936) Ethno-Botany in Relation to the Central Australian Aborigines. Mankind 2: 69.
  • DeFoliart GR (1975) Insects as a source of protein. Bulletin of the Entomological Society of America 21: 161163.
  • DeFoliart GR (1989) The human use of insects as food and as animal feed. Bulletin of the Entomological Society of America 35: 2235.
  • DeFoliart GR (1992) Insects as human food. Crop Protection 11: 395399.
  • DeFoliart GR (1995) Edible insects as minilivestock. Biodiversity and Conservation 4: 306321.
  • DeFoliart GR (1997) An overview of the role of edible insects in preserving biodiversity. Ecology of Food and Nutrition 36: 109132.
  • DeFoliart GR (1999) Insects as food: why the Western attitude is important. Annual Review of Entomology 44: 2150.
  • Devkota S (2006) Yarsagumba [Cordyceps sinensis (Berk.) Sacc.]; traditional utilization in Dolpa District, Western Nepal. Our Nature 4: 4852.
  • Dué EA, Zabri HCBL, Kouadio JPEN, Kouamé LP (2009) Fatty acid composition and properties of skin and digestive fat content oils from Rhynchophorus palmarum L. larva. African Journal of Biochemistry Research 3: 8994.
  • Dyg PM, Phithayaphone S (2004) Home gardens in the Lao PDR – Linkages between agricultural biodiversity and food security. Proceedings Symposium on Biodiversity for Food Security 14 October, 2004, pp. 5259. Laos Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Vientiane.
  • Ekpo KE, Onigbinde AO, Asia IO (2009) Pharmaceutical potentials of the oils of some popular insects consumed in southern Nigeria. African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 3: 5157.
  • Fagbuaro O, Oso JA, Edward JB, Ogunleye RF (2006) Nutritional status of four species of giant land snails in Nigeria. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B 7: 686689.
  • FAO (1986a) Farming snails 1: Learning about snails; Building a pen; Food and shelter plants. FAO, Rome.
  • FAO (1986b) Farming snails 2: Choosing snails; Care and harvesting; Further Improvement. FAO, Rome.
  • FAO Département des Forêts (2004) Contribution des insects de la forêt à la sécurité alimentaire: l'exemple des chenilles d'Afrique Centrale. Programme des Produits Forestiers non Ligneux, FAO, Rome.
  • Foppes J, Ketphanh S (2004) NWFP use and household food security in the Lao PDR. Proceedings Symposium on Biodiversity for Food Security 14 October, 2004, pp. 3543. Laos Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Vientiane.
  • Friend R, Meusch E, Funge-Smith S (2004) Aquatic resources, food security and nutrition in the Lao PDR: a case study from Attapeu Province. Proceedings Symposium on Biodiversity for Food Security 14 October, 2004, pp. 4451. Laos Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Vientiane.
  • Gardiner AJ, Gardiner EM (2003) Edible insects, Part 1. Preparation of species from Mushumbi Pools, Zimbabwe. African Entomology 11: 125127.
  • Ghazoul J (ed.) (2006) Mopane woodlands and the mopane worm: enhancing rural livelihoods and resource sustainability. Final Technical Report, Forest Research Programme, DFID Project R 7822. p. 119. Department for International Development, London.
  • Gordon DG (1998) The Eat-A-Bug Cookbook. Ten Speed Press, Berkeley, CA.
  • Gorham JR (1979) The significance for human health of insects in food. Annual Review of Entomology 24: 209224.
  • Hardouin J (1995) Minilivestock: production from gathering to controlled. Biodiversity and Conservation 4: 220232.
  • Hart TB, Hart JA (1986) The ecological basis of hunter-gatherer subsistence in African Rain Forests: The Mbuti of Eastern Zaire. Journal Human Ecology 14: 2955.
  • Henrikson LS, Yohe RM II, Newman ME, Druss M (1998) Freshwater crustaceans as an Aboriginal food resource in the Northern Great Basin. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 20: 7287.
  • Hernández-Martínez M, Ramos-Elorduy J, Pino-Moreno JM, Acosta-Castañeda C (2008) Evaluación de dietas con inclusión de harina de ninfas de Periplaneta americana para la alimentación de la carpa japonesa. Ciencia Pesquera No. 16: 2328.
  • Holliday J, Cleaver M (2008) Medicinal value of the caterpillar fungi species of the genus Cordyceps (Fr.) Link (Ascomycetes). A review. International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms 10: 219234.
  • Hrabar H, Hattas D, Du Toit JT (2009) Differential effects of defoliation by mopane caterpillars and pruning by African elephants on the regrowth of Colophospermum mopane foliage. Journal of Tropical Ecology 25: 301309.
  • Hwang SY, Park JB, Han J, Seo DH, Koh SK, Kim YB et al. (2004) Effects of cricket extract on lipid metabolism and body fat content in high-fat diet fed rats. Entomological Research 34: 305309.
  • Illgner P, Nel E (2000) The geography of edible insects in Sub-Saharan Africa: a study of the Mopane caterpillar. The Geographical Journal 166: 336351.
  • Irwin ME, Kampmeier GE (2003) Commercial products from insects. In: ReshVH, CardeR (eds) Encyclopaedia of Insects, pp. 251260. Academic Press, San Diego, CA.
  • Kekeunou S, Weise S, Messi J, Tamò M (2006) Farmers' perception on the importance of variegated grasshopper (Zonocerus variegatus (L.)) in the agricultural production systems of the humid forest zone of Southern Cameroon. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2: 117.
  • Kim SA, Kim KM, Oh BJ (2008) Current status and perspective of the insect industry in Korea. Entomological Research 38: S79S85.
  • Koide SS (1998) Chitin-chitosan: properties, benefits and risks. Nutrition Research 18: 10911101.
  • Kok R (1983) The production of insects for human food. Canadian Institute of Food Science and Technology Journal 15: 518.
  • Krahn J (2003) Cooking up – dietary change in Lao upland kitchens. Juth Pakai 1: 414.
  • Kruuk H, Sands WA (2008) The aardwolf (Proteles cristatm Sparrman) 1783 as predator of termites. African Journal of Ecology 10: 211227.
  • Ladron de Guevara O, Padilla P, García L, Pino JM, Ramos-Elorduy J (1995) Amino acid determination in some edible Mexican insects. Amino Acids 9: 161173.
  • Lawal OA, Banjo AD (2007) Survey for the use of arthropods in traditional medicine in southwestern Nigeria. Journal of Entomology 4: 104112.
  • Lim GT, Kirton LG, Salom SM, Kok LT, Fell RD, Pfeiffer DG (2008) Host plants and associated trophobionts of the weaver ants Oecophylla spp. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources 3: No. 035, CABI, Wallingford.
  • Looy H, Wood JR (2006) Attitudes toward invertebrates: Are educational “bug banquets” effective? The Journal of Environmental Education 37: 3748.
  • MacEvilly C (2000) Bugs in the system. Nutrition Bulletin 25: 267268.
  • Madibela OR, Seitiso TK, Thema TF, Letso M (2007) Effect of traditional processing methods on chemical composition and in vitro true dry matter digestibility of the Mophane worm (Imbrasia belina). Journal of Arid Environments 68: 492500.
  • Matsuura M, Chen SG, Guo I (1999) Hornet broods as local delicacies in Yunnan, China – Marketing of hornet nests and local specialties thereof. Bulletin of the Faculty of Bioresources, Mie University 22: 4761.
  • Maviya J, Gumbo D (2005) Incorporating traditional natural resource management techniques in conventional natural resources management strategies: a case of mopane worms (Amacimbi) management and harvesting in the Buliliamamangwe district, Zimbabwe. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa 7: 95107.
  • Mead AR (1961) The Giant African Snail. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL.
  • Menzel P, D'Aluisio F (1998) Man Eating Bugs. Ten Speed Press, Berkeley, CA.
  • Mignon J (2002) L'entomophagie: une question de culture? Tropicultura 20: 151156.
  • Mishra N, Hazarika NC, Narain K, Mahanta J (2003) Nutritive value of non-mulberry and mulberry silkworm pupae and consumption pattern in Assam, India. Nutrition Research 23: 13031311.
  • Mojeremane W, Lumbile AU (2005) The characteristics and economic values of Colophospermum mopane (Kirk ex Benth.) J. Léonard in Botswana. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 8: 781784.
  • Mpuchane S, Gashe BA, Allotey J, Siame B, Teferra G, Ditlhogo M (2000) Quality deterioration of phane, the edible caterpillar of an emperor moth Imbrasia belina. Food Control 11: 453458.
  • Murray SS, Schoeninger MJ, Bunn HT, Pickering TR, Marlett JA (2001) Nutritional composition of some wild plant foods and honey used by Hadza foragers of Tanzania. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 13: 111.
  • Naughton JM, O'Dea K, Sinclair AJ (1986) Animal food in traditional Aboriginal diets: polyunsaturated and low in fat. Lipids 21: 684690.
  • Neumann C, Harris DM, Rogers LM (2002) Contribution of animal source foods in improving diet quality and function in children in the developing world. Nutrition Research 22: 193220.
  • Nonaka K (2008) Resource use in wetland and paddy field in Vientiane Plain, Lao PDR. Tropics 17: 325334.
  • Ogunleye RF (2006) Biochemical implications of the consumption of Zonocerus variegatus, Orthoptera: Pyrgomorphidae) and Cirina forda Westwood (Lepidoptera: Saturnidae). Journal of Food Agriculture & Environment 4: 2325.
  • Ogunleye RF, Omotoso OT (2005) Edible orthopteran and lepidopteran as proteín substitutes in the feeding of experimental albino rats. African Journal of Applied Zoology & Environmental Biology 7: 4851.
  • Ohiokpehai O (2003) Nutritional aspects of street foods in Botswana. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 2: 7681.
  • Ohiokpehai O (2006) Expanding the uses of phane, a nutritionally rich local food in Southern Africa. Journal of Food Agriculture & Environment 4: 2632.
  • Paoletti MG (ed.) (2005) Ecological Implications of Minilivestock. Science Publishers, Enfield.
  • Pemberton RW (1994) The revival of rice-field grasshoppers as human food in South Korea. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 70: 323327.
  • Pemberton RW (1999) Insects and other arthropods used as drugs in Korean traditional medicine. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 65: 207216.
  • Peng RK, Christian K, Gibb K (1999) The effect of colony isolation of the predaceous ant, Oecophylla smaragdina (F.) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), on protection of cashew nut plantations from insect pests. International Journal of Pest Management 45: 189194.
  • Pimentel D, Dritschilo W, Krummel J, Kutzman J (1975) Energy and land constraints in food protein production. Science 190: 754761.
  • Pimentel D, McNair M, Buck L, Pimentel M, Kamil J (1997) The value of forests to world food security. Human Ecology 25: 91120.
  • Sharma S (2004) Trade of Cordyceps sinensis from high altitudes of the Indian Himalaya: conservation and biotechnological priorities. Current Science 86: 16141619.
  • Shaw PC, Mark KK (1980) Chironomid farming – a means of recycling farm manures and potentially reducing water pollution in Hong Kong. Aquaculture 21: 155163.
  • Shen L, Li D, Feng F, Ren Y (2006) Nutritional composition of Polyrhachis vicina Roger (Edible Chinese black ant). Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology 28 (Suppl. 1): 107114.
  • Sogbesan AO, Ugwumba AAA (2008) Nutritional values of some non-conventional animal protein feedstuffs used as fishmeal supplement in aquaculture practices in Nigeria. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 8: 159164.
  • Somnasang P, Moreno G, Chusil K (1998) Indigenous knowledge of wild food hunting and gathering in north-east Thailand. Food and Nutrition Bulletin 19: 359365.
  • Speight MR (2001) Insect diversity and livelihoods. In: KoziellI, SaundersJ (eds) Living Off Biodiversity: Exploring Livelihoods and Biodiversity Issues in Natural Resource Management, pp. 231268. International Institute for Environment and Development, London.
  • Sribandit W, Wiwatwitaya D, Suksard S, Offenberg J (2008) The importance of weaver ant (Oecophylla smaragdina Fabricius) harvest to a local community in Northeastern Thailand. Asian Myrmechology 2: 129138.
  • Steinfeld H, Gerber P, Wassenaar T, Castel V, Rosales M, De Haan C (2006) Livestock's Long Shadow: Environmental Issues and Options. FAO, Rome.
  • Teffo LS, Toms RB, Eloff JN (2007) Preliminary data on the nutritional composition of the edible stink-bug, Encosternum delegorguei Spinola, consumed in Limpopo province, South Africa. South African Journal of Science 107: 434436.
  • Toms R, Thagwana M (2003) Eat your bugs! Science in Africa. Online Science Magazine. [Cited Jun 2009.] Available from URL: http://scienceafrica.co.za/2003/October/stinkbug.htm
  • Vantomme P, Göhler D, N'Deckere-Ziangba F (2004) Contribution of forest insects to food security and forest conservation: the example of caterpillars in Central Africa. ODI Wildlife Policy Brief 3: pp. 14. Overseas Development Institute, London.
  • Verkerk MC, Tramper J, Van Trijp JCM, Martens DE (2007) Insect cells for human food. Biotechnology Advances 25: 198202.
  • Villanueva GR, Roubik DW, Colli-Ucán W (2005) Extinction of Melipona beecheii and traditional beekeeping in the Yucatán peninsula. Bee World 86: 3541.
  • Winkler D (2008) Yartsa Gunbu (Cordyceps sinensis) and the fungal commodification of Tibet's rural economy. Economic Botany 62: 291305.
  • Yen AL (2005) Insect and other invertebrate foods of Australian Aborigines. In: PaolettiMG (ed.) Ecological Implications of Minilivestock, pp. 367387. Science Publishers, Enfield.
  • Yen AL (2009a) Edible insects and other invertebrates in Australia: future prospects. Proceedings of the Forest Insects as Food: Humans Bite Back workshop, 19–21 February, Chiang Mai, Thailand. FAO, Chiang Mai University, Bangkok.
  • Yen AL (2009b) Entomophagy and insect conservation: some thoughts for digestion. Journal of Insect Conservation (in press).
  • Yu XH, Liu H, Tong L (2008) Feeding scenario of the silkworm Bombyx mori, L. in the BLSS. Acta Astronautica 63: 10861092.
  • Zaragozano JF (2007) El placer de la comida: de la tradición al exotismo. Boletín de la Sociedad de Pediatría de Aragón, La Rioja y Soria 37: 514.
  • Zhou J, Han D (2006) Proximate, amino acid and mineral composition of pupae of the silkworm Antherarea pernyi in China. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 19: 850853.