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Molecular biological study on speciation and phylogeny of the order Entomobryomorpha (Collembola: Hexapoda)

Authors

  • Kyung-Hwa PARK

    1. Department of Biology Education, Institute of Fusion Science and Institute of Science Education, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Korea
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Kyung-Hwa Park, Department of Biology Education, Chonbuk National University, 664-14 Deogjin-dong, Deogjin-gu, Jeonju 561-756, Korea.
Email: pkhsyst@chonbuk.ac.kr

Abstract

In order to elucidate the phylogenetic relationship among groups of the order Entomobryomorpha (Collembola), the sequences on the ITS 1 to ITS 2 fragments of the rRNA gene were analyzed in 11 species of three families. In order to avoid the potential risks and inconsistencies of a single method or data set, the phylogenetic reconstructions were based on three different approaches: methods of maximum parsimony, maximum likelihood and neighbor joining. The inferred phylogenies supported monophyly of the order Entomobryomorpha. The relationships between families were different, but the orders of branching within each family were the same. Entomobryidae and Isotomidae were paraphyletic, whereas Tomoceridae was monophyletic. Tomoceridae was subdivided into two branches; the molecular analysis provided results distinctive enough to separate the two genera by the high bootstrap value. On the other hand, two different populations of putative Homidia koreana appeared to be different species, although their chaetotaxy is identical. A wide coverage of characters, including not only morphological characters but also genetic data such as allozymes and DNA sequences, will give a more accurate picture of the classification and phylogeny of the studied group.

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