Cloning and blood-meal dependent induction pattern of apolipophorin-III from Anopheles sinensis
Article first published online: 19 NOV 2009
© 2009 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2009 The Entomological Society of Korea and Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd
Volume 39, Issue 6, pages 388–393, November 2009
How to Cite
NOH, M. Y., WON, R., JO, Y. H., LEE, Y. S. and HAN, Y. S. (2009), Cloning and blood-meal dependent induction pattern of apolipophorin-III from Anopheles sinensis. Entomological Research, 39: 388–393. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-5967.2009.00249.x
- Issue published online: 19 NOV 2009
- Article first published online: 19 NOV 2009
- Received 23 August 2009; accepted 13 September 2009.
- Anopheles sinensis;
- mosquito apolipophorin-III;
Apolipophorin-III is known to play a role in transporting lipids in insects, and much attention has been paid to lepidopteran insects' apolipophorin. Thus, we were interested in examining the effects of blood-meal on the expression pattern of apolipophorin-III in mosquitoes. This led us to clone and partially characterize the full-length cDNA of apoLp-III (AnsiApoLp-III) from Anopheles sinensis. Analysis of AnsiApoLp-III cDNA shows that the 728-bp sequence has a 582-bp protein-coding region with 94 bp of putative 5′ untranslated region and 152 bp of 3′ untranslated region. The deduced amino acid sequence begins with a methionine codon at position 95 and extends to position 674, encompassing a polypeptide of 193 amino acids. AnsiApoLp-III has the highest identity (63%) to Culex quinquefasciatus apoLp-III. Temporal expression pattern analysis shows that although AnsiApoLp-III was expressed at all developmental stages, it was highly detected at egg and adult stages in the female mosquitoes. In addition, we found out that AnsiApoLp-III was induced in An. sinensis adult females after uptaking a blood-meal. Spatial expression patterns of AnsiApoLp-III shows that AnsiApoLp-III mRNA was strongly induced at day 1 and gradually decreased from day 1 to day 4 in the ovaries. Most interestingly, AnsiApoLp-III mRNA in the Malpighian tubule was strongly induced at day 1, decreased during days 1–3, and then became elevated again at day 4. These data suggest that blood-meal influences AnsiApoLp-III mRNA induction in ovaries and Malpighian tubules. It remains to further elucidate the biological roles of AnsiApoLp-III in these organs.