Life history, damage assessment and control of Trioza hopeae (Hemiptera: Psylloidea), a serious pest on Hopea odorata (Malvales: Dipterocarpaceae) in Vietnam
Article first published online: 17 JAN 2012
© 2012 The Authors. Entomological Research © 2012 The Entomological Society of Korea and Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd
Volume 42, Issue 1, pages 11–18, January 2012
How to Cite
VU, N. T., EASTWOOD, R. and BURCKHARDT, D. (2012), Life history, damage assessment and control of Trioza hopeae (Hemiptera: Psylloidea), a serious pest on Hopea odorata (Malvales: Dipterocarpaceae) in Vietnam. Entomological Research, 42: 11–18. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-5967.2011.00354.x
- Issue published online: 17 JAN 2012
- Article first published online: 17 JAN 2012
- Received 7 May 2011; accepted 11 October 2011.
- attendant ant;
- Crematogaster (Myrmicinae);
- leaf galls;
- Oecophylla (Formicinae);
- Tapinoma (Dolichoderinae)
Young plants of the commercially important timber species Hopea odorata Roxb. are seriously damaged by the psyllid Trioza hopeae Burckhardt & Vu in nurseries in South Central and Southern Vietnam. Farmers routinely use Class 1 toxic insecticides to control the psyllids but these pose serious health risks in the urban environment. As a precursor to developing a pest management strategy, we studied the life cycle of T. hopeae and trialed several control measures. Trioza hopeae is polyvoltine with overlapping generations peaking in mid wet season. Females laid approximately 135 eggs; however, there was a natural attrition rate of about 80% in first-instar nymphs due to the nymph's inability to find a suitable feeding site. Feeding nymphs induced pit galls on young H. odorata leaves and were present on all trees examined during the study. The pre-adult life cycle lasted approximately 13 days and adult life span approximately seven days. Several toxic insecticides were found to be effective for controlling T. hopeae, but a novel non-toxic alternative was equally as effective. We discuss these methods and potential biological control measures.