• Functional Feeding Groups;
  • Frequency Ratio Model;
  • GIS

The aim of this study is to define a correlation between spatial distribution of functional feeding groups of aquatic insects and their habitat types in the Geum River based on the theory of River Continuum Concept (RCC). For that object we had classified habitat types of the study area according to various environmental factors and examined closely their distribution characteristics by correlation analysis between biota community and the environmental factors. And then, a probabilistic method named Frequency Ratio Model (FRM) and spatial analysis function of GIS were applied to produce a predictive distribution map of biota community considering their distribution characteristics according to the environmental factors as related variables. As a result, 6 major environmental factors that might affect the classification of habitat types were extracted. Finally, we had compared the predicted distribution map with prior survey database from other researches and then could find out a high correlation between them. The results of this study might be used to develop a new estimation method for aquatic ecosystem with functional feeding groups of aquatic insects and also be used as preliminary data for conservation and restoration of stream habitats.