Varieties of corporate social responsibility (CSR): CSR meets the “Nordic Model”
Article first published online: 22 JUL 2010
© 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd
Regulation & Governance
Volume 4, Issue 2, pages 203–229, June 2010
How to Cite
Gjølberg, M. (2010), Varieties of corporate social responsibility (CSR): CSR meets the “Nordic Model”. Regulation & Governance, 4: 203–229. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-5991.2010.01080.x
- Issue published online: 22 JUL 2010
- Article first published online: 22 JUL 2010
- Accepted for publication 19 May 2010.
Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is increasingly being promoted as an instrument for global governance to address the regulatory vacuum surrounding transnational business activities and as a method for encouraging business to contribute to sustainable development at the national level. Originally a business-driven, American concept, CSR has now been adopted and promoted by a wide range of governments and multilateral institutions. However, the socio-political model underlying CSR is far from neutral and may conflict with existing models in the societies in which it is introduced. In this article a typology of possible governmental interpretations of CSR is developed, and how CSR is transformed and adapted in its meeting with Nordic governments in order to fit the “Nordic Model” of state-market-society relations is analyzed. The analysis suggests that pre-existing political-economic institutions and cultural norms deeply affect the interpretation of CSR, and that this, when combined with ongoing national political processes, leads to a highly transformed concept of CSR.