Uniformity as response to soft law: Evidence from compliance and non-compliance with the Dutch corporate governance code
Version of Record online: 19 SEP 2011
© 2011 Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd
Regulation & Governance
Volume 5, Issue 4, pages 480–498, December 2011
How to Cite
Hooghiemstra, R. and van Ees, H. (2011), Uniformity as response to soft law: Evidence from compliance and non-compliance with the Dutch corporate governance code. Regulation & Governance, 5: 480–498. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-5991.2011.01118.x
- Issue online: 2 DEC 2011
- Version of Record online: 19 SEP 2011
- Accepted for publication 10 August 2011.
- content analysis;
- corporate governance
The objective of the paper is to examine how firms have dealt with the trade-off between flexibility and uncertainty that is characteristic for the decision-making of firms in coping with self-regulatory initiatives in general and the comply-or-explain principle in corporate governance in particular. Using unique data for 126 listed Dutch firms, we find that firms respond to this self-regulatory initiative by largely complying with the code recommendation, possibly out of fear that the firm's reputation may be damaged. Furthermore, we find evidence suggesting that firms confine themselves to adopting a specific set of code recommendations and use similar arguments to explain non-compliance. Our findings indicate uniformity in adopting the standard of good governance which is not in line with the logic of corporate governance codes and casts doubt on the effectiveness of this form of soft law. Overall, the paper's findings indicate that more restrictive (regulatory) instruments may be necessary to make firms conform to the spirit of codes.