Bartha Maria Knoppers, Ph.D., is the Canada Research Chair in Law and Medicine and Faculty of law at the Centre de recherche en droit public, University of Montreal. She received a B.A. from McMaster University, M.A. from the University of Alberta, LLB. and B.C.L. from McGill University, D.L.S. from Cambridge University, and Ph.D. from the Sorbonne (Paris I).