Are Dietary Intakes and Eating Behaviors Related to Childhood Obesity? A Comprehensive Review of the Evidence

Authors

  • P. K. Newby

    1. Assistant Professor of Pediatrics and Public Health and a Research Scientist at the Boston University School of Medicine. She has a secondary appointment in the Boston Univerisity School of Public Health.
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Abstract

The purpose of this article is to comprehensively review studies that have examined the relation between diet and childhood obesity. The review specifically considers the roles of total energy intake and energy density; dietary composition; individual foods, food groups, and dietary patterns; beverage consumption; and eating behaviors. The paper also discusses methodological considerations and future research directions and concludes by summarizing the evidence presented and highlighting the ethical issues surrounding providing dietary advice.

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