Vulnerable Brains: Research Ethics and Neurosurgical Patients


  • Paul J. Ford

    1. Clinical Bioethicist at the Cleveland Clinic Foundation and an Assistant Professor of Medicine at Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine.
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Seven specific challenges in patient vulnerability related to neurosurgical advancement highlight needed augmentations for standards in innovation and research that do not unduly inhibit access to potential therapies while assuring just treatment of patients.