Implementing Public Health Regulations in Developing Countries: Lessons from the OECD Countries

Authors

  • Emily A. Mok,

    1. Fellow of the O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law and an Adjunct Professor of Law at Georgetown University Law Center
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  • Lawrence O. Gostin,

    1. Linda D. and Timothy J. O'Neill Professor of Global Health Law, the Faculty Director of the O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law, and a Professor of Public Health at the Johns Hopkins University. Professor Gostin is a Research Fellow and Visiting Professor at Oxford University and directs the WHO Collaborating Center on Human Rights and Public Health Legislation
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  • Monica Das Gupta,

    1. Senior Social Scientist in the Development Research Group, The World Bank
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  • Max Levin

    1. Third-year student at Georgetown Law and a Research Assistant at the O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law.
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Abstract

Developing country efforts to enforce basic public health standards are often hindered by limited agency resources and poorly designed enforcement mechanisms, including excessive reliance on slow and erratic judicial systems. Traditional public health regulation can therefore be difficult to implement. This article examines innovative approaches to the implementation of public health regulations that have emerged in recent years within the OECD countries. These approaches aim to improve compliance with health standards among the different actors while reducing dependence on the legal system and the administrative resources of public health agencies in developing countries. Developing countries may find some useful lessons from these approaches that can be adapted for use in their own institutional settings.

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