Examining the Global Health Arena: Strengths and Weaknesses of a Convention Approach to Global Health Challenges
Article first published online: 29 SEP 2010
© 2010 American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics, Inc.
The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics
Volume 38, Issue 3, pages 614–628, Fall 2010
How to Cite
Haffeld, J. B., Siem, H. and Røttingen, J.-A. (2010), Examining the Global Health Arena: Strengths and Weaknesses of a Convention Approach to Global Health Challenges. The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 38: 614–628. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-720X.2010.00515.x
- Issue published online: 29 SEP 2010
- Article first published online: 29 SEP 2010
The article comprises a conceptual framework to analyze the strengths and weaknesses of a global health convention. The analyses are inspired by Lawrence Gostin's suggested Framework Convention on Global Health. The analytical model takes a starting-point in events tentatively following a logic sequence: Input (global health funding), Processes (coordination, cooperation, accountability, allocation of aid), Output (definition of basic survival needs), Outcome (access to health services), and Impact (health for all). It then examines to what degree binding international regulations can create order in such a sequence of events. We conclude that a global health convention could be an appropriate instrument to deal with some of the problems of global health. We also show that some of the tasks preceding a convention approach might be to muster international support for supra-national health regulations, negotiate compromises between existing stakeholders in the global health arena, and to utilize WHO as a platform for further discussions on a global health convention.