CORNEAL SURFACE PROPERTIES OF TWO MARINE MAMMAL SPECIES1

Authors


  • 1

    These data were collected while WWD was a senior fellow of the American Association for Engineering Education at the Naval Ocean Systems Center-Hawaii Laboratory.

Abstract

Compared to the anterior surface of the normal human cornea, all Tursiops showed pronounced random, local curvature changes typical of old keratitis and scarring. Comparable but less severe findings apply to Zalophus. These irregularities were superimposed on the mild regular astigmatism of the spoon-shaped Tursiops cornea (mean central power is 26.8 D, SD = 3.8, N = 82). All Zalophus corneas showed no reliable regular astigmatism (overall mean power is 21.7 D, SD = 4.4, N = 53) but exhibited a flat, circular region about 6.5 mm in diameter along the nasal aspect of the horizontal meridian. Refraction through this cornea1 region showed aerial emmetropia, which accounts for equivalent marine and aerial visual resolution in this species.

Ancillary